ENGLISH MIDTERM REVIEW
Dracula, Bram Stoker – Main Characters
Jonathan Harker - Young, naïve. Goes to Transylvania to finish a deal with Dracula. Married to Mina, Want revenge
on Dracula. Heroic
Mina Murray - Jonathan Harker’s fiancée. Mina is a practical young woman who works as a schoolmistress.
Eventually victimized by Dracula herself, Mina is also the best friend of the count’s first victim in the novel, Lucy
Westenra. Mina is in many ways the heroine of the novel.
Lucy Westenra - Mina’s best friend and an attractive, vivacious young woman. The first character in the novel to fall
under Dracula’s spell, Lucy becomes a vampire
John Seward - A talented young doctor, formerly Van Helsing’s pupil. Seward is the administrator of an insane
asylum not far from Dracula’s English home. Throughout the novel, Seward conducts ambitious interviews with one of
his patients, Renfield, in order to understand better the nature of life-consuming psychosis. Although Lucy turns down
Seward’s marriage proposal, his love for her remains
Arthur Holmwood - Lucy’s fiancé and a friend of her other suitors. Arthur is the son of Lord Godalming and inherits
that title upon his father’s death. In the course of his fight against Dracula’s dark powers
Van Helsing - A Dutch professor, described by his former pupil Dr. Seward as “a philosopher and metaphysician, and
one of the most advanced scientists of his day.” Called upon to cure the ailing Lucy Westenra, Van Helsing’s
contributions are essential in the fight against Dracula.
Dracula, Bram Stoker – Symbol
Blood - Blood stands for life, power, social status. Dracula is A sexual, blood is blood
Sexuality – the whole novel is very sexual, deals with masculinity and feminine roles of humans
Tone · Gothic, dark, melodramatic, righteous
Protagonist ·The members of Van Helsing’s gang—Van Helsing, Jonathan Harker, John Seward, Arthur Holmwood,
Mina Murray, and Quincey Morris —might be considered the novel’s collective protagonist.
Foreshadowing ·The initially unidentifiable wounds on Lucy’s neck foreshadow her fall to the dark side by confirming
Dracula’s presence in England.
The Demon Lover, Elizabeth Bowen – Main Characters • Mrs. Kathleen DroverThe story centers on the perceptions and actions of Mrs. Kathleen Drover. When she finds
a letter addressed to her in her abandoned London home, she thinks back to her former nameless soldier-lover
during World War I. She is keenly aware of her surroundings: the atmosphere, weather, and particularly, a sense
of strangeness. The letter lying on the table compels her to imagine the various possibilities for how the letter got
there in the first place. The Demon Lover, Elizabeth Bowen – Symbols
Dead air - suffocating, stagnate, Don’t know what is real or not
Revenge - The contents of the letter may suggest that the soldier-lover intends to fulfill his twenty-five-year-old
promise to return and “be with” Mrs. Drover. Is he indeed the demonic lover who has come back to take her away to
her death for not keeping her promise to wait for him? This and the fact that the driver accelerates “without mercy”
may suggest his revenge.
Identity - It appears that Mrs. Drover knows herself only through her family’s perceptions. She appears to them as a
strong, secure woman, but she has buried parts of herself deep in her own memory.
The swimmer, John Cheever – Main Characters
Neddy Merrill - the protagonist, who decides to go home from his friends’ house by swimming through all the pools in
his neighborhood,. Neddy and his wife, Lucinda, enjoy a high social standing in their affluent neighborhood. As he
swims home, he loses his strength, and his friends begin saying things that suggest that a great deal of time has
gone by. When he arrives home, he finds his house empty.
The swimmer, John Cheever – Symbols
The Inevitable Passage of Time - Neddy’s journey home through the pools of his neighborhood turns into a journey
through many years of his life, showing that the passage of time is inevitable, no matter how much one might ignore
it. Neddy has mastered the art of denial.
Alcohol - The pervasive consumption of alcohol throughout the story sharpens the distortion of time and Neddy’s
sense of unhappiness. The drinking, serving, and desire for alcohol become significant motivators for Neddy as well
as a way to measure his social standing.
Swimming pools - The pools that Neddy swims through as he makes his way home represent periods of time that
Neddy passes through.
• Modernism: a self reflection which explores the subject, setting is always realistic, latest things
• Post modernism: something we cant fix, EMPLOYS: irony, playfulness, lack humor, intertexuality (referencing other texts),
metafiction (not real) Bartleby, the Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street, Herman Melville – Main characters
The Lawyer - The Lawyer is the unnamed narrator of "Bartleby the Scrivener." He owns a law firm on Wall Street,
and he employs four men as scriveners, or copyists: Turkey, Nippers, Ginger Nut, and Bartleby. The Lawyer is about
sixty years old. He is level-headed, industrious, and has a good mind for business. He is good at dealing with people,
at least until he meets Bartleby.
Bartleby - Bartleby is a young man hired by the Lawyer to serve as a scrivener, or law- copyist. He starts out as an
excellent copyist, but when asked to examine his work for errors, he replies that he "would prefer not to." Bartleby
soon answers anything he is asked to do with "I would prefer not to," and he slowly drives the Lawyer and his fellow
Turkey - Turkey is the eldest employee of the Lawyer in "Bartleby the Scrivener." He is a good worker in the morning,
but in the afternoon his face becomes flush and he gets a short temper. He makes more mistakes in his work in the
Nippers - Nippers is another scrivener, or law-copyist, employed by the Lawyer in "Bartleby the Scrivener." Nipper is
the opposite of his fellow scrivener Turkey; Nipper is young, and he works best in the afternoon. In the morning, he is
troubled by stomach problems and a constant need to adjust the height of his desk.
Ginger Nut - Ginger Nut is the Lawyer's errand boy in "Bartleby the Scrivener." His name comes from the fact that
Turkey, Nippers, and Bartleby often send him to get ginger nut cakes.
The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky, Stephen Crane – Main Characters
Scratchy Wilson - described as “a wonder with a gun”,
Jack - on train is insecure, but in own town he is depicted as a hero, worried about bringing home a bride,
Parody Within Text:
Crane is using irony throughout the text to point to the ridiculousness of something else
The Rocking Horse Winner, D.H. Lawrence – Main Characters
Paul - Boy who knows that his mother does not love him or his sisters even though she outwardly shows affection
and treats her children kindly. After Paul receives a rocking horse one Christmas, he rides it often and develops a
strange intuitive power that enables him to correctly predict the winners of horses races. At racetracks, he wins
thousands of pounds that he sets aside to defray his mother’s debts.
Hester - Paul’s mother. She becomes dissatisfied with her marriage after her husband fails to make enough money
to support the elegant lifestyle that has put the family deep in debt.
Paul’s Father - Man who works in town and has promising prospects that never seems to materialize because, as
his wife says, he is unlucky.
Bassett: The family gardener. He initiates Paul into the world of horse racing, and they becoming betting partners.
Oscar Creswell - Paul’s uncle and his mother’s sister. He provides Paul the money that the boy uses to make his
first successful bet.
Tragic Irony - Paul picks the winning horse in the Epsom Derby but loses his life. The fortune he had amassed, eighty
thousand pounds (the equivalent of millions of dollars today), thus became his misfortune.
Obsession - Lust for material objects, stylish living, and mo