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EURO 1200 (1)
Final

Sperber Questions for Final

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Department
European Studies
Course
EURO 1200
Professor
Paola Mayer
Semester
Fall

Description
List of possible questions for Part A of final exam. These cover Sperber readings pp. 147- 207, 266-270, 292-297, 314-318, 332-342. The format will be multiple choice. - Which countries did Napoleon defeat in decisive battles in 1805-6? Austria and Prussia (as well as a joint Austrian and Russian force) - Which innovations did Napoleon implement to centralize and stabilize government in France? The gendarmerie, the state-controlled paramilitary police force, employed primarily in the countryside Institution of a new senior government official, the prefect, to head departmental administration Educational policy, set out to create a cadre of trained experts for the state Yearly draft call, one day per year on which all young men of the appropriate age reported to the seat of cantonal administration for a conscription lottery - What position did Napoleon take towards the Catholic church? Napoleon believed that Christianity was necessary to get the common people to obey the law and keep their hands off the property of the rich Concordat, a negotiated agreement between the French state and the Vatican, regularizing the position of the church in in France the government renounced its anti-clericalism and efforts to promoted alternative to Catholicism and agreed to pay for the church; the church, in turn, renounced both its former privileges and its property, and agreed to support the government unstop promotion and endorsing counter-revolution - What position did Napoleon take towards emigré nobles? Napoleon invited most of them to return to France and 'rally' to his rule excluding relatives of the late Louis XVI and claimants to the throne when they returned they found their former privileges gone, and much of their property seized and sold - What measures which Napoleon took show that he was a product of the Revolution? The Napoleonic Codes of civil, commercial and criminal law, demonstrate Napoleon's endorsement of the revolution's basic innovations Napoleon may have given himself an imperial title, but the decree in which he did so proclaimed that the government of the French republic was being confided to an emperor - thus declaring his realm a result of the revolution Napoleonic nobility enjoyed imposing-sounding titles, but held no privileges enjoyed by feudal or seigneurial rights Access to nobility was not by birth, but by imperial appointment, and were careers open to talents as the revolutionaries of 1789 wanted Citizenship rights were not tied to faith, as Protestants and Jews enjoyed equality under the law - How did Napoleon reorganize Italian territories by 1810? The varied duchies, monarchies and independent city states of Italy had been reduced to three realms, The Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Italy, Papal States, all under direct or indirect French rule - What were Napoleon’s territorial arrangements for Germany by 1810? Napoleon created two new German states, The Kingdom of Westphalia and the Grand Duchy of Berg, these were 'model states' 'model states' and Napoleon's other German allies were grouped together into a 'Confederation of the Rhine' The Westernmost part of the Empire had been incorporated into France - Did Napoleon include Austria and Prussia in his reorganization of Germany? Austria and Prussia remained outside the system of French hegemony - What did Napoleon do when the Spanish king Charles IV and his son Ferdinand appealed to him to settle their dispute? Napoleon disposed the Spanish Bourbon royal family and declared his brother Joseph King of Spain Napoleon revealed his frustration with his incompetent allies, whose inconsistent government was not helping with the embark against England - What was the reaction of the Spanish population to Napoleon’s intervention? Rebellions broke out across the entire country, at first spontaneous, but soon acquiring the leadership of clergy, nobles, and government official created a national junta, that was at war with the monarchy, the war would last until 1813 - What measures did Prussia’s reforms of 1808-10 include? reformers sought to mobilize the population politically introduced an elected government to Prussia's municipalities, to end old regime guild rule ad domination of civic life by absolutist bureaucrats abolished serfdom in Prussia, Hardenberg then developed a policy by which the former serfs would cede to the lords some of their land to redeem their feudal obligations declared guilds to be non-compulsory Knight's estates could be purchased by commoners new uniform system of state-controlled secondary education, and reforming t
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