EURO 1200 Study Guide - Final Guide: Nobility Of The First French Empire, Anti-Clericalism, Nationstates
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List of possible questions for Part A of final exam. These cover Sperber
readings pp. 147- 207, 266-270, 292-297, 314-318, 332-342. The format
will be multiple choice.
- Which countries did Napoleon defeat in decisive battles in 1805-6?
Austria and Prussia
(as well as a joint Austrian and Russian force)
- Which innovations did Napoleon implement to centralize and
stabilize government in France?
The gendarmerie, the state-controlled paramilitary police force, employed
primarily in the countryside
Institution of a new senior government official, the prefect, to head
Educational policy, set out to create a cadre of trained experts for the state
Yearly draft call, one day per year on which all young men of the appropriate
age reported to the seat of cantonal administration for a conscription
- What position did Napoleon take towards the Catholic church?
Napoleon believed that Christianity was necessary to get the common people
to obey the law and keep their hands off the property of the rich
Concordat, a negotiated agreement between the French state and the
Vatican, regularizing the position of the church in in France
the government renounced its anti-clericalism and efforts to promoted
alternative to Catholicism and agreed to pay for the church; the
church, in turn, renounced both its former privileges and its
property, and agreed to support the government unstop
promotion and endorsing counter-revolution
- What position did Napoleon take towards emigré nobles?
Napoleon invited most of them to return to France and 'rally' to his rule
excluding relatives of the late Louis XVI and claimants to the throne
when they returned they found their former privileges gone, and much of
their property seized and sold
- What measures which Napoleon took show that he was a product
of the Revolution?
The Napoleonic Codes of civil, commercial and criminal law, demonstrate
Napoleon's endorsement of the revolution's basic innovations
Napoleon may have given himself an imperial title, but the decree in which
he did so proclaimed that the government of the French republic
was being confided to an emperor - thus declaring his realm a
result of the revolution
Napoleonic nobility enjoyed imposing-sounding titles, but held no privileges
enjoyed by feudal or seigneurial rights
Access to nobility was not by birth, but by imperial appointment, and were