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The Federal system decentralizes political authority and this inevitably affects public administration operations at all levels of government. Administration accordingly occurs within a complex environment in which authority is shared among different levels of government and in which decision-making is fragmented.
Explain or describe this in your own words. Provide an example to support your explanation. How does this complicate the process of public policy?
Fiscal policy is carried out primarily by
A) the Federal government.
B) state and local governments working together.
C) state governments alone.
D) local governments alone.
Fiscal policy refers to the:
A) manipulation of government spending and taxes to stabilize domestic output, employment, and the price level.
B) manipulation of government spending and taxes to achieve greater equality in the distribution of income.
C) altering the interest rate to change aggregate demand.
D) fact that equal increases in government spending and taxation will be contractionary.
Expansionary fiscal policy is so named because it:
A) involves an expansion of the nation's money supply.
B) necessarily expands the size of government.
C) is aimed at achieving greater price stability.
D) is designed to expand real GDP.
An appropriate fiscal policy for severe demand-pull inflation is:
A) an increase in government spending.
B) depreciation of the dollar.
C) a reduction in interest rates.
D) a tax rate increase.
29. The amount by which government expenditures exceed revenues during a particular year is the:
A) public debt.
B) budget deficit.
D) GDP gap.
30. If actual GDP is greater than potential GDP, we have
A) a negative GDP gap
B) a positive GDP gap
C) minimum GDP gap
D) maximum GDP gap
31. Money functions as:
A) a store of value.
B) a unit of account.
C) a medium of exchange
D) all of the choices
You are working in accounting department of Frank Compagny.
You will allocate the support department costs to operating departments using Direct Method. You have also to explain the details of calculations to Mr Ibrahim who is a student having training in Frank company (you will explain the formulas used in the calculations to Mr Ibrahim).
The information for the current period is as follows:
No. of Employees
Administration Cost will be allocated using number of employees and Housekeeping cost will be allocated using square feet.
Explain to Mr Ibrahim the objectives of allocation of support department costs.
Discuss with Mr Ibrahim why you are using the direct method. What are the other possible methods? What is the difference between these methods and when we will have to use each method?