Behaviour Modification Study Notes.docx

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Behaviour Modification Study Notes Chapter six Schedule of reinforcement – rule specifying which occurrences of a given behaviour, if any, will be reinforced - Simplest schedule of reinforcement is continuous reinforcement - Each instance of a particular response is reinforced - Each time you turn on the tap, your behaviour is reinforced by water Extinction – no instance of a given behaviour is reinforced – opposite of continuous reinforcement - The effect is that the behaviour eventually decreases to a very low level or ceases altogether - Between continuous reinforcement and extinction is = intermittent reinforcement Acquisition phase  when a behaviour is being conditioned or learned by someone - Best to provide continuous reinforcement during acquisition phase, then switch to intermittent reinforcement during maintenance Maintenance phase  after the behaviour has been well learned, it is said to be in this phase Intermittent schedules have several advantages over continuous reinforcement: - Reinforce remains effective longer - Intermittently tends to take longer to extinguish - Work more consistently on certain intermittent schedules - More likely to persist
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