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GEOG1220 Final: GEOG1220FINALREVIEW.docx

Course Code
GEOG 1220
Lorne Bennett
Study Guide

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anyone want to add textbook notes please!
Monday October, 27th/14
This is Week 7; Part Two
Exam is on lectures mainly, and documentaries will be on the exam
Over the course of his last 5 weeks of class we will see:
· Environmental management and fishery resource
· Water resources
· Soil and land
· Energy resources
· Environmental ethics, economics and futures
Final exam: Dec.11th 19:00-21:00 Location TBA
World on the Edge How to Prevent Environmental and Economical Collapse. By Lester R
Brown. Earth Policy Institute:
· This is a book that provides an optimistic look on these issue, putting viable solutions that are
able to do cuz they already exist.
· Most world leaders get a copy.
Environmental Management
· A few Introductory Remarks
o The anthropogenic
o Population
o Carrying capacity
o Millennium development goals
· Common property resources
· Fisheries example
· Read ch.1 6-10, ch.10 276-304, Ch. 16 479-493
· Documentary : The end of the line.
1st slide picture of china squares that are constantly in transformation. Not all
transformation is bad, it can be sustainable.

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The Anthropocene
· The anthropocene is an informal geological term used to mark the evidence and extent of human
activities that have had significant global impact on the earth's ecosystems
· The term was coined by E.F Stoermer and popularized by atmospheric scientist Paul Crutzen
who regards the influence of human behavior on the earths atmosphere in recent centuries as
so significant as to constitute a new geological epoch
· Anthropocene
o Anthro= man /human being
o “cene” = new
· brown comes in to say if it's a good or bad thing.
· The anthro is the most recent period of the quaternary
· The quaternary is a period of the earths history characterized by numerous and cyclical
glaciations 2,588,000 years ago
· We are in a holocene now
· The quatern is divided into three epochs: Pleistocene, Holocene, and Anthropocene
The Pleistocene (2.588 Ma to 11.7 Ka):
o More than eleven major glaciations occurred
o The time of early humans
Holocene (11.7ka till 1800 AD)
o A time of relatively stable climate at the end of the last ice age 12,000 yr ago ..
look at lecture
o at the end of the last Ice Age, 12,000 years ago, the ice gave way to temperate
climates and humans were present on all continents
o we are officially still in the Holocene
The Anthropocene:
Relating to or denoting the current geological age, viewed as the period during which
human activity has been the dominant influence on climate and the environment.
Start date debatable– 10,000 years ago: start of the agricultural revolution – 250 years
ago: start of the industrial revolution
The Precautionary Principle **

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Just because we don't know categorically an impact may have, doesn't mean that we should do
it. You can’t say you don't know so you did it anyways. Ignorance is not an excuse. Err on the
side of caution.
Planetary boundaries picture * copy and past.3
Human interaction model :Functional Definition of Resources *what he likes best.
o Basic model we use in the course.
o Know resources definition: are fundamentally human constructs and a function of our knowledge
and function of our culture and technology. They change when we see components to the
enviro. (Ie, a tree is not a resource but wood is)
o Biological needs: food, shelter, protection from war
o Cultural aspirations: to develop natural resource, etc. we ship energy. To make Canada super
energy power place is a cultural aspiration
o Intermediate between society and environment is based on culture, how we interpret and see it.
o Copy and past functional definition of resources
o GDP use to be one for one. Now we are using half to one, we are almost doubling
our energy use from the same one GDP
o Conservation in this way is a source of energy
o The largest parent we have.
Tomography the last old growth standing forest.
Different perspectives brought to it. It was a job creation and reviue. And the workers say it as
source of employment and pride.
Wednesday October 29th:
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