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Final

HIST 1150 Final Review 1 McDougall

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Department
History
Course
HIST 1150
Professor
Troy Riddell
Semester
Winter

Description
HISTFinalReviewPoliticalIdeologiesDemocracygivingthevotetoeveryoneregardlessofethnicitygenderetcLiberalismthemainideologyofEuropeprogressivethinkingconstitutionalgovernmentreligioustolerationfreetradeLiberalsthoughtitwastheirdutytocivilizeEuropeBelievedtherewasanendgoalthatweweremovingclosertowardsNationalismanideologythatplacedthestrengthofthenationaboveindividualrightsSocialismaneconomicsystemcharacterizedbysocialownershipofthemeansofproductionandcooperativemanagementoftheeconomyorapoliticalphilosophyadvocatingsuchasystemCommunismasocialpoliticalandeconomicideologythataimsattheestablishmentofaclasslessmoneylessrevolutionaryandstatelesssocialistsocietystructureduponcommonownershipofthemeansofproductionMarxismbelievedthattheproductionofgoodscreatedaminorityofownersofproductionandamajorityofworkersthisunequalrelationshipbetweenownersandworkerswasthecauseoftheconstantstrugglebetweenthemintheviewofMarxistsitendedwhentheoppressedclassoverthrowsthedominantclassandthatthisrevolutionwasinevitableLeninismThetheoryandpracticeofproletarianrevolutionasdevelopedbyLeninproletarianlowersocialclassusuallytheworkingclassMarxismLeninismacommunistideologyofficiallybaseduponthetheoriesofMarxismandVladimirLeninthatpromotesthedevelopmentandcreationofainternationalcommunistoverarevolutionarysocialiststatethatrepresentsadictatorshipoftheproletariatMarxistLeninistsocietyseekstopurgeanythingconsideredbourgeoisidealistorreligiousfromitFascismFascistsproclaimedtheirdeterminationtorestorelawandorderinsocietyusingwhateverforcewasneededFascistssaidtheyintendedtosmashtheexistingorderofthingsincludingmuchthatconservativeshelddeadtheirmissionwastoreplacecapitalismwithanationalsocialismLecture7DecolonizationinCongoDecolonizationOverviewDecolonizationstartedinthemiddletolate1950sin1960amongadozenterritoriesunderFrenchcontrolwereliberatedNigeriaandBelgiumCongointhe1960swerefreedfromtheBritishthedecolonizationprocessinAfricabeganlateandproceededveryquicklyittookuntilthe1950sand1960todecolonizeAfrica1957GhanawasfirstAfricancolonytobegrantedindependencePortugalwasthelastcountrytodecolonizeanddidsointhe1970signoringthewindsofchangeoftheotherEuropeancountriesitwasonlyaftertherevolutioninPortugalin1964thatleadtodemocracyinthePortugalanddecolonizationlaterdecolonizationwasrarelyatroublefreeprocessasplaceswherethereweresettlerswerenothappytogiveuptheirlandwesternleadorganizationshandedoutloanswhichkeptAfricansindebtforalongperiodtheColdWarstandoffalsocametoAfricaandeffectedhowliberationoccurredUSandRussiabecameveryinvolvedinAfricanstatesafterdecolonizationDecolonizationCaseStudy1DecolonizationinCongoCongowasbroughtunderBelgiumruleCongowasveryrichinnaturalresourcesvastresourcesofzincdiamondcopperrubberetcCongoseenasaparticularlyprizedassetBelgiumdidnotreallytrytoeducatetheCongopeoplePatriceLumumba1958formedtheCongoleseNationalMovementMNCtheonlyantitribalprounificationpartyCongowasavastterritorywithalotofdifferentnationalitiesLumumbaspentyearsinjailforopposingthegovernment1959Belgiumfirstthoughtoftheideaofgrantingindependence
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