Science History Mid-term preparation :@:@:@
Babylonian Science: Babylonians studied the philosophy dealing with the ideal nature of the
universe and began using internal logic within their predictive planetary systems. This was a
very important contribution to natural philosophy; their new approach was considered a scientific
revolution by some and considered as a beginning to what this course refers to as “natural
Naturalistic Explanation: The explanation that one seeks to describe events/circumstances with
scientific evidence that can be supported and tested. It is an explanation that has no involvement
of a divine being.
Pythagoras: An ancient Greek philosopher who introduced the concept that the world is not
based on matter but on number. He sought explanations of the universe through numbers and
Hippocrates: may have been a person, a mythical figure or a collective group. It is believed to
be the source of Hippocratic system of medicine which is based on the concept that the health of
a patient is based on the balance of physical, social, mental and spiritual health.
Heraclitus: A Greek philosopher that based his philosophy on a world that contained a dynamic
equilibrium of forces that were constantly struggling against each other. These forces included
fire at the heart of the system, and earth and water constantly battling each other. He was the first
to introduce these three forces of nature to natural philosophy.
Zeno’s paradox: Zeno argued that for one to travel a certain distance he must trave