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Study Guide

[HIST 3130] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (38 pages long)

38 pages258 viewsFall 2016

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3130
Professor
Linda Mahood
Study Guide
Final

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UofG
HIST 3130
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Week 1 – Entering into the Early Modern Mind (1500-1700)
Lecture 1
Entering into the Early Modern Mind (1500-1700)
Leisure Time
Sense of humor
Hobbies and Interests
How could this culture permit horrifying acts of tortures
Culture/Popular Culture
The culture of Early Modern Europe consists of Insiders and Outsiders
oInsiders are those that accept the Christian way of life
oOutsiders are those who do not accept Christianity
Jews
Muslims
Any other religion that was not Christian was an outsider
Religion is the dominant philosophical framework in the Early Modern Mind
Religion and law are intertwined
“Lack of warmth and tolerance in interpersonal relations at the village level
is provided by the extraordinary amount of back biting, malicious slander,
marital discord and unfaithfulness, and petting spying... the Elizabethan
village was a place filled with malice and hatred”
Culture has a shared meaning of values, attitudes, laws and institutions of the
elite
oThe Elite culture is those of wealthy, priests and people in positions of
power that can impose their power on those below them
Popular Culture
oPopular Culture is the culture of those who are not elite, those who
are affected by the elite’s laws – Often included the poor
This could include between 80-90% of the population
Popular Culture was the culture of the masses
It reflects age, gender, social class, ethnicity, religious
differences, (Highland, Lowland, Seaman, Mountain
men)
oThe idea behind this is that it is a reflection of a
combination of traditions and meanings
oPopular Culture is a locus of the pool of
symbolic rituals that create class and status
identity
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Lowlanders have their traditions and
rituals that may be different than that of a
Mountaineer
Ritual
Ritual will be a big part of the course
While the rituals of punishments may change, the values themselves do not
oThis value of Punishment is to punish the offender and deter others
from committing the crime
Ritual: The Penal and the Festive
o1.) Any formal action following a set pattern which expresses through
symbol or imagery – A public shared meaning
o2.) The use of actions to express meaning through words or images or
symbols
o3.) Enable social actors to play culturally prescribed roles and
communicate in coded ways
o4.) Create social cohesion, continuity and consensus within a
community
The Early Modern Witch Trials Raise Issues That Go Beyond The Historian’s
Power to Explain
1.) The Nature of Human Fear
2.) The Origins of Intolerance
3.) The Presence of Evil
These Cases
1.) Give us a unique entry point into the mental world of ordinary and not so
ordinary EME
2.) An excellent opportunity to study community: Relationship between
popular and elite culture
3.) Excellent point to observe rituals of punishment and the history of crime
and social control
4.) Confessions, juries and judges
Magic, Science, Technology – Popular and Elite Culture
There was a universal accepted belief on magic, science and technology
during this time period
People during this time period, believed that god intervened into their daily
lives and that god or the devil did punish those who were not blessed
oBelieved in intervention
They believed that epidemics could be divine retribution for sins in their
community
oEx.) Demonic spirits could make the rain fall where as angels could
make a woman fertile
Good vs. Evil
Bad Magic – Maleficia
oWhile there is bad magic there is also good magic
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