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HIST 3130- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 140 pages long!)

140 pages60 viewsFall 2017

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 3130
Professor
Linda Mahood
Study Guide
Final

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U of G
HIST 3130
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SEPTEMBER 8TH to SEPTEMBER 13TH 2017
HIST 3130
LECTURE 1
NOTE:
When using the old bailey website it is easiest to find cases through the
offense tab.
Quizzes are not cumulative. She gives us the material a week before to look at.
Lecture slides include notes on the photographs provided***
Entering into the Early Modern Mind (1500-1700)
Understand culture through understanding the humor. If it is easier to understand
than there is not much difference between them. Understand how these persons
commit acts of cruelty.
Main Questions Asked:
- Leisure time.
- Sense of humor.
- Hobbies and interests.
- How could this cultures permit horrifying acts of torture?
Caravari: dressed up in costumes, blow up animals to make instruments or masks
Humans dressed as animals and vice versa. It is known as a noisy ritual making
noise until money was thrown down from the windows and then they left.
Overwhelming evidence of the lack of warmth and tolerance in interpersonal
relations at the village level is provided by the extraordinary amount of back-
biting, malicious slander, marital discord and unfaithfulness, and petty
spying…the Elizabethan* village was a place filled with malice and hatred, its
only unifying bond being the occasional episode of mass hysteria, which
temporarily bound together the majority in order to harass and persecute the
local witch (--Lawrence Stone, historian (1550-1603)
Culture & Popular Culture
- Culture-shared meaning values-attitudes-laws institutions of the Elite.
- PC existed in the lives of the Unlettered in their village communities (80-90%
of the peasants, the uneducated)
Popular culture: Culture of the masses reflecting age, gender, class, ethnicities,
regional differences (highland, lowland, sea mountain)
^ These are the pools of SYMBOLIC RITUALS that create identity
What is a culture? Culture is a system of shared meanings, attitudes, values and
the symbolic forms (performances and artifacts) in which they are expressed or
embodied.
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SEPTEMBER 8TH to SEPTEMBER 13TH 2017
Did the rich see the same perspective as the poor and vice versa? But we know that
main culture is shared. But the distinction is to know how far it is shared and it is
something that they have a hard time explaining.
Mediated by social class.
School’s of Thought on Popular Culture
- Cultural School: creative and spontaneous
- Frankfurt: cultural dupes, mass consumption and kitsch trivia
- Marxist: locus of resistance and revolution
Subculture: subset of the larger culture. It shares elements of the larger parent
culture but it is also distinct from it. Elite participate in PC and PC participate in Elite
culture.
Early Modern Carnival
- Best example is a Mardi Gras.
- Always lasted 40 days before Christian fasting.
- Open air festival, 3 weeks leading up to it.
- Symbolic play where the streets of the town became an informative place.
- Basically like a theatre where everyone was participating.
- Everyone was wearing masks and were not distinctive between actor or not.
- Poor and rich are talking to each other in ways they never would.
- Lent will always be the chubby guy with sausages around his neck.
- Everyone had the opportunity to clear the air.
Three Themes
- Competition
- Procession
- Performance
Food (most obvious theme such as beef and pork)
Sex (intense sexual activity but was not explicitly said)
Violence (always ended in this, eggs showed fertility)
Ritual (RISK)
- Rituals are showing what it could never be.
- Show it as is and what we wish it could be.
- Rituals portray a false imagery of the world.
Ritual: The Penal & the Festive
- Any formal action following a set pattern which expresses through symbol
or imagery a public or shared meaning (Anthropologist, Alfred Radcliffe
Brown)
- The use of actions to express meaning through words or images or symbols
- Enable social actors to play culturally prescribed roles and communicate in
coded ways
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