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HIST 3130 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: The Symbolic, Evangelicalism, Newgate Prison

6 pages260 viewsFall 2017

Course Code
HIST 3130
Linda Mahood
Study Guide

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History Department
History 3130 SEMESTER Fall 2017
STUDY GUIDE Quiz #2 (20%)
This in-class test will be short essay formatbased roughly on 50% lecture notes and 50%
readings from HIST*3130 ONLY. Students are responsible for everything presented in class and
all Seven (7) of the SELECTED course readings. Required lectures: September to October 11,
Marking Rubric: Your answers will be graded according to the following rubric: Ample accurate
evidence of all assigned readings and lecture material (see below); accurate dates and names
[where applicable]; demonstrate how the case or concept functions in an historical analysis of
crime, punishment and social control in Britain.
. Doa Adre: The Code of Hoor ad its Critis
. “harpe, Last Dyig speehes
. Cooper, Jerey Betha, Elizaeth Fry ad Priso ‘efor
4. DeWindt, Witchcraft and Conflicting Visions of the Ideal Village Community
5. Louise Jakso, Withes, Wies ad Mothers
6. Ingram, Ridings, Rough Music and the Reform of Popular Culture
7. Dobash and Dobash, Community Response to Violence Against Wives
You must be prepared to answer three (3) of the following:
Catch a witch and make her confess (the Devil is in the details)
What does domestic violence tell us about power and violence?
- reinforced by various forms of institutional support for male prerogatives and the
control of women. Continuation of wife beating lies in the response of the
community and social agencies to this problem and its victims.
- Husbands have used violence to coerce their wives into behaviors they may have
been unwilling or unable to undertake, to punish them for failing to live up to
arital deads ad epetatios ad sipl as a prerogatie of the husad’s
superior position. They maintain control over their female possession, to retain
personal authority and to gain her personal service and domestic labor. Wife
beating has always had strong ideological and institutional support both in its own
right and relative to the patriarchal relations within the family and throughout
- Me ould e sujeted to ritualized reukes if the ere doig oe’s ork or
believed to be beaten by their wives. This was due to inversion of authority and
domination. Cuckold courts forced them to ride backwards on a donkey and were
subjected to a booing ground and other forms of ridicule. Done to punish the
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offender, shame the spouse and deter others from submitting to this form of
- There were community limits on wife beating, it must have been seen to be just.
Community rituals controlled violent men through symbolic order of excessive
iolee ad diret support for oe’s persoal struggles agaist ale eesses.
What do ale-house brawls tell us about power and violence?
The Panopticon Project
- Betha’s ideas of solitar ofieet ad hard laor did not last long as his
panopticon idea rejected solitary confinement and hard labor as productive of a
reformation of manners. Model of a circular building in which the cells of the
prisoers ould for the iruferee hile the gaoler’s roo ould oup the
center. Prisoners would always be under the eye of the prison guard or at least they
would believe they were. Inspectors were required to do an effective job as the
inspector was to best insure the good behavior of the prisoner. Also believed that
solitary confinement did not contribute positively to reforming the mind, he believed
it was a dangerous punishment.
- Bentham believed that putting prisoners to work was good as it taught the idle to love
work rather than avoid it. Believed that being idle created deviance. Also believed that
education was important to reform. Good to stamp out illiteracy. Believed that
punishment should be directly linked to the offence
- Controversial part of the panopticon plan was that he would farm out the management
of the prison to a contractor who would absorb profit or losses from the venture. Public
would save money and the contractor would pay a sum for each man that died in the
prison. This would make the gaoler more responsible to the magistrate. Overall it was
rejected due to limitations of size and only creating a single central point for
Compare and contrast Elizabeth Fry and Jeremy Bentham
Elizaeth Fr’s eperiee as a priso reforer did ot hae the sae itteress ad
disappoitet that haraterized Betha’s areer, she wanted to be an angel of
mercy. She cultivated friendship with the great and powerful.
- Bentham had ties to science and was more cynical in his compelling personal ambitions.
Fr’s otiatio as etirel religious, elieed that prisoer refor ould ome from
the intervention of god. She saw the horrors of the London prison and was asked to
help alleviate the condition. Urged women to accept the word of Christ
- Prison reform included profits of labor returning to them, prisoners being employed,
learning how to read the bible. It was an object of hope
- Testified before a parliamentary committee that was investigating Newgate prison, she
urged them to use religious instruction, classification and employment. She was
opposed to solitary confinement and recommended that hard labor was only for the
most hardened criminals.
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