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HIST 3310 (1)
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Department
History
Course
HIST 3310
Professor
Tara Abraham
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture2MakingSenseofDiseaseinthePastThemesoftheCourse1WhystudydiseaseandhistoryItactsalensonhowweshoulddealwiththingslikethisinthefutureItisimportanttoseewherewecomefromanditcanhelpusunderstandhowwegottothepresentItshapedsocietiesandentirepopulationsandsuchademographicimpactitcantellusalotaboutourhistoryResponsestotheepidemicscantellusalotaboutoursocialcontrolRoleofdiseaseintheriseofthemodernstateDiseaseandclassrelationspovertyanddiseaseEmergenceofglobaleconomyandtheprocessofglobalizationhugedividebetweenthedevelopedandundevelopedworldtechnologyhasmadeitpossibletotravelwhichalsohelpsspreaddiseaseIntellectualhistoryhistoryofmedicineconceptsofdiseasehaveshapedmedicalpracticesourperceivedabilitytocontroldiseasethroughantibioticsetc2Whatcanstudyingdiseasetellusabouthistory3WhatcanahistoricalapproachtellusaboutdiseaseMakingsenseofdiseaseinthePast1Diseaseasaphysicalreality2EffectsofandresponsestodiseaseSocialgroupsfamiliescommunitiescitiescountriesCulturalandreligiousgroupsScientificandmedicalgroupsPoliticalgroupsstate3ChangingmeaningsofdiseaseinWesternsocietyWhatisdisease1EpidemicdiseaseoneprevalentamongapeopleorcommunityataspecialtimeandproducedbysomespecialcausesgenerallynotpresentintheaffectedlocalityUsuallymassdeathsUsuallyinfectiousdiseasesorcontagionSpecific2TwoaspectsofdiseaseBiologicalmorescientificaccountSocialgivesitmoreofahumancharacteristicandastoryQuestions1ArediseasessocialconstructionsSocialconstructionsarehowsocietyconstructsopinionsofcertainthingsandhowtheyshouldbe2WhatdoesitmeantosaythatadiseaseissociallyconstructedArewesayingthatsociallyconstructedthingsnotrealNotnecessarilybecausewearesayingitishistoricallyrealWedontwanttoundermineitsrealityorexistencebuttheideasandbeliefsaboutdiseasebelongtoaspecifictimeandplace3DodiseasesremainconstantthroughouthistoryTheseideasandviewswillchangeQuestionsonReadings1WheredoPellingRosenbergJordanovasitonthequestionofsocialconstructionRosenbergtranscendthenotionthatdiseasesareconstantlychangingandtherearemanythingsthatweassociatewithdiseasethatarechangingDoalotofthingstoexpandourknowledgeofdiseaseandwantustostepoutsidethewesternsocietyMakesyoustepoutsideyourpresentassumptionsofdiseasebecausemostscientistsanddoctorsdontreallyknowasmuchaswethinktheydoaboutdiseaseTakesaboutdiseasenotonlyasabiologicalentitybutalsoasocialentityandhowwegoaboutdealingwithitJordanovaPellingexpandsthedefinitionofcontagionbytalkingaboutananticontagionmovementwhichdidnotbeliefthatdiseasescouldbepassedfrompersontopersonbuttheywereenvironmentalistthatbelievedthatdiseasewaspassedthroughsomethingintheairLecture3TheBlackDeathIntroduction1BlackdeathreferstoaspecificpandemicthediseaseitselfistheplaguethRavagedmostofEuropeinthemid14centuryPandemicanepidemicthataffectsseveralcountriesoralargepartoftheworldBeganinSisleyandspreadratherquicklyStillaffectsportionsoftheworldtodayjustnotonalargescaleaspreviouslynotedWhatwastheplagueandwhydidithappen13maincausativeagentsIBacteriumYersiniaPestisIITheratfleaIIITherat2AlotofitispaleontologyWhenpeoplewerelookingatbonesingraveyards3Theratslovegrainandtherewasashipthatwasdeliveringgrainandtheratanditsfleawereinthereeatingthegrainandthenitwouldbitthevictim4FleabecameepizooticintheratpopulationKilledoffratstoepidemicproportionsthenturnedtohumanscouldtransferfromhumantohumanaswell5BubonicplagueMostcommonformofplague6Causedpainfulswellingsballedbuboesblackoutsdigestiveproblemsandeventuallydeathoftenwithinaweek7MostlyoccurredinthesummermonthsbecausethefleaslovetheheatandwouldembedthemselvesinclothingetcWhaterethemedicalresponsesofPlague1Formosttheultimatecausewasdivinewrath2Proximatecausesbasedonhumouralsystemofmedicine3BodycomposedoffourhumoursIBloodspringairIIBlackbileautumnearthIIIYellowbilesummerfireIVPhlegmwinterwaterAllfourhadtobeinbalanceforastateofhealthTheyallfitintogetheraccordingtochartandthatiswhyitpersistedforsomanyyearsOriginallythoughtthatitwascausedfrombadairwhichgotintoyourblood
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