MUSC 2140 Study Guide - Gunther Schuller, Modern Jazz Quartet, Diatonic Scale

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Unit 8 Jazz History
Cool jazz born out of bebop in 1950”s, associated with white musicians
Lennie Tristano
o Approach to jazz reflected schooling in European classics
o Blind since childhood
o Style is difficult and intellectualized
o Played piano professionally at 12 years
o Seeked more control and replaced his drummer with taped percussion tapes (this is
later seen in the 1980’s
Todd Dameron
o Limited keyboard technique
o Swing background
o Style lyrical melodies and breezy rhythms’
o Rarely improvised solo’s
o Played arrangers piano which makes the accompanying chords itself
Royal Roost a Broadway restaurant
Miles davis
o Band: Miles Davis Nonet
Bass heavy instrumentation
Mulligan (baritone) did most of the writing
9 Peices
John lewis piano, Lee konitz( alto sax) and Gerry mulligan (baritone
sax),Miles davis(Trumpet), Gunther schuller
( French horn), Bill barber (tuba), Al Mckibbon (bass), Max Roach
(drums)
Favoured the middle range with middle dynamics, economical phrasing and
plenty of rests
2 week engagement at Royal Roost ( only live ever played)
Sign above the door and never had an arranger/composer (Gerry
Mulligans) gotten so much credit
Inter racial and pan generational
Encouraged frequent discuassion, organized rehersals
Gils Pad was Gil Evans basement apartment became meeting place for musicians to nap,
converse, drink, left the door unlocked
Moon dreams : birth of cool album Nonet 1950
o Contrapuntal composition using polyphonic texture ( more than one melodic line)
Piano less quartet was together for only 1 year but influence lasting, mulligan lead and recorded
own 4 piece, Baritone mulligan, trumpet, bass, drums
John lewis and the modern Jazz quartet
o Cooperative- each member had duties
o Lasted more than 40 years with only 1 change in personal, longest running qroup in jazz
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Document Summary

Cool jazz born out of bebop in 1950 s, associated with white musicians. Todd dameron: limited keyboard technique, swing background, style lyrical melodies and breezy rhythms", rarely improvised solo"s, played arrangers piano which makes the accompanying chords itself. Miles davis: band: miles davis nonet. Mulligan (baritone) did most of the writing. John lewis piano, lee konitz( alto sax) and gerry mulligan (baritone sax),miles davis(trumpet), gunther schuller ( french horn), bill barber (tuba), al mckibbon (bass), max roach (drums) Favoured the middle range with middle dynamics, economical phrasing and plenty of rests. 2 week engagement at royal roost ( only live ever played) Sign above the door and never had an arranger/composer (gerry. Gils pad was gil evans basement apartment became meeting place for musicians to nap, converse, drink, left the door unlocked. Moon dreams : birth of cool album nonet 1950: contrapuntal composition using polyphonic texture ( more than one melodic line)

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