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[MUSC 2150] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (30 pages long)


Department
Music
Course Code
MUSC 2150
Professor
Shannon Carter
Study Guide
Final

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UofG
MUSC 2150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Define the following musical elements:
o Instrumentation: Types of instruments used in a given recording
o Bar/Measure: A group of beats
o Beat: Regular rhythmic pulse
o Rhythm: The way musical sounds are organised in time
o Meter: Ways of organising rhythm and beats in music
o Simple and Compound Meter
Simple: When each beat is evenly divided into two parts
Compound: When each beat is divided evenly into three parts
o Duple, Triple, and Quadruple Meter
BMIF (2 PARTS)
COMPOUND (3 PARTS)
DUPLE (2 BEATS)
Duple Simple (2/4)
Duple Compound (6/8)
TRIPLE (3 BEATS)
Triple Simple (3/4)
Triple Compound (9/8)
QUADRUPLE (4 BEATS)
Quadruple Simple (4/4)
Quadruple Compound
(12/8)
o The 12-Bar Blues: Twelve groups of four-beat measures and is distinctive because of the
way its measures fall into three groups of four
o Phrase: First four measures, often featuring a lyric that is repeated in the next four
measures
o The Doo-Wop Progression
The Roman numerals under each measure number represents the chord (the
corresponding note in the scale of a key)
Doo-Wop Progression: Series of four chords: I VI IV V
In the key of C, this progression would go C A minor F G
o Timbre: Formed by higher notes that is not the fundamental
o Simple Verse Form, AABA Form, Simple Verse-Chorus Form, Contrasting Verse-Chorus
Form
Simple Verse
All verses based on same music, no chorus
Simple Verse-Chorus
Verses and choruses based on same music
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Contrasting Verse-
Chorus
Verses and choruses based on different music
AABA
Verses and bridge based on different music; can employ full or partial
reprise
Distinguish aurally each of the above elements as they operate in song.
Understand the usual musical roles of the instruments most common to rock.
Beat It: Drums and Percussion
‘ok druers role is to estalish tepo, eter, ad feel of eah sog
Most rock drummers employ a set consisting of a snare drum, bass drum, and a high hat as
well as medium size drums called tom-toms
o High-hat is used for fastest notes, bass and snare drums played at slower intervals
Most drummer will use one pattern for verses and another for bridges or choruses, and also
reak the patter to pla dru fills that help lead the music from section to section
The Low Down: Electric Bass
Jo is to lok i ith the druer rhthiall, ad to proide iportat ass otes to the
chord progressions played by the guitar and/or keyboard
Bassist is the bridge between the rhythmic and harmonic dimensions of the music bass will
create their aprt around the rhythmic pattern played on the bass drum
Harmony in Motion: Rhythm Guitar and Keyboards
Rhythm guitar fleshes out the harmonic dimension by playing full chords
o Electric guitar produces little sound on its own, but can reach high volume levels when
connected to an amplifier
May play the same rhythmic figure as the guitar or simply sustain chords while the guitar plays
its more rhythmic part
o Rhythm guitar and keyboard players have to be careful not to conflict musically
In the Spotlight: Lead Singers and Backup Vocals
Singer focuses on melodic dimension of music free with the rhythmic placement of their
melody notes
Job is to create melodic interest and deliver lyrics in a convincing manner
Horns and Strings: Sweeting the Sound
Arrangements use horns or strings to add the finishing touches to a track
o Hor setios ilude trupets, tooes, ad saophoes used to gie a puh
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