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Nutrition final notes.docx

41 Pages

Course Code
NUTR 2050
Tad Mc Ilwraith

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Unit 5 Lactation Sample Multiple Choice1 Which of the following is NOT a maternal benefit of breastfeeding a Minimizes postpartum blood loss b Helps uterus return to nonpregnant size c Delays return to fertility d MAY help lose weight more quickly e All of the above would be considered benefits of breastfeeding 2 Maternal psychological benefits related to breastfeeding include all the following EXCEPT a increased selfconfidence b bonding with their infants c slower return to prepregnancy weight d all of the above are psychological benefits e both a and c 3 Nutritional benefits of breastfeeding include a it provides optimal nutrition to the infant b the balance of nutrients matches requirements needed for human growth c infants do not need additional fluids or water when breastfeeding d the low protein content is easily tolerated e all of the above are considered nutritional benefits 4 Several mechanisms that may prevent obesity in children have been identified in children who are breastfed These include all of the following EXCEPT a children that breastfed exhibited less soft drink consumption as teens b children that breastfed learned self regulation of energy intake c children that breastfed shared characteristics of parents including healthy lifestyles d children that breastfed had metabolic programming related to chemical substances in human milk e all of the above are potential protective mechanisms 5 The cyclic release of what 2 hormones governs pubertal breast development a prolactinoxytocin b progesteroneestrogen c prolactinestrogen d progesteroneoxytocin e none of the above 6 The mammary gland contains which of the following functional units to help with lactogenesis a lobules b myoepithelial cells c alveoli d areolas e a b and c 7 Milk comes in during which stage of lactogenesis a lactogenesis I b lactogenesis II c lactogenesis III d lactogenesis IV e lactogenesis V 8 What hormone is necessary for the let down reflex a Oxytocin b Prolactin c Estrogen d Progesterone eboth c and d9 A petite Southeastern Asian woman was not planning to breastfeed because she felt her breasts were so small that they would not produce enough milk What information would be the best information for her to know a Inadequate food intake by the mother decreases the quantity of milk not the quality b Small breasts would be able to meet infant demands and only store less milk thus leading to more feedings c Eating a rice and fruit diet would best support adequate milk production d Drinking more water and milk products would make up for the smaller breast tissue 10 On the second feeding after birth a firsttime mom was concerned that her infant was not getting enough milk What would the lactation consultant want the new mom to know a The first milk is highly concentrated in nutrients and provides a high amount of protein b The infant needs only 12 tsp at each feeding for the first two days c The infant needs human milk substitutes to ensure adequate energy intake d The infant needs supplemental sugar water to ensure adequate energy intake e a and b 11 Breast milk is isosmotic which means breast milka contains milk proteins b has the same concentration of molecules as the mothers body plasma c has the same concentration of molecules as human milk substitutes d has a greater concentration of molecules than human milk substitutes 12 The major component of breast milk iswhile the second largest component isa waterlipids b lipidswater c proteincarbohydrate d carbohydrateprotein e proteinlipids 13 The dominant carbohydrate in human milk isa galactose b glucose c lactose d sucrose 14 The major class of protein found in mature human milk is a whey b casein c lactose d maltose e colostrum 15 Protein content in human milk is affected by thea age of the infant b amount of protein in the mothers diet c hormone variation in the mother d all of the above e a and c only 16 What fatsoluble vitamin is given to all infants at birth a Vitamin A b Vitamin D c Vitamin E d Vitamin K 17 It is recommended that women allow infants to drain one breast completely before offering the other breast primarily because a this allows them to get more foremilk which may decrease incidence of diarrheaprevent colic b this allows them to get both foremilk and hindmilk c this prevents excess gas from forming d b and c only 18 The 2002 DRI for lactating women isadditional calories per day with a 08 kg per month weight loss a 200 b 330 c 500 d 650 e need more information 19 What nutrient is best absorbed from human milk a Copper b Vitamin K c Whey proteins d Iron 20 A health care professional was asked by a nursing mom How many glasses of water should I drink a today What would be an appropriate recommendation a 68 glasses b 810 glasses c10 glasses d Drink enough fluids to keep your urine pale yellow 21 Which of the following is NOT a common barrier to breastfeeding initiation a Embarrassment b Lack of confidence c Fear of pain d Lack of support
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