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PHIL 1000 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: Epicurus, Asymptote, Noble Lie


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHIL 1000
Professor
Dortor
Study Guide
Final

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UofG
PHIL 1000
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Philosophy Lectures
September 16
- Become wiser as you get older because you gain experience
- Can learn knowledge, cannot learn wisdom
- Philosophy is based on reason; art is based on emotion; religion is based on faith
- Science differs from philosophy even though they are both based on reason
- Interested in science but called a philosopher (Theas could predict weather patterns)
- Science achieves by making models of reality
- Science relied on math/experiments. Philosophy relied on facts that cannot be proven. Philosophy
doest eole
- Each age has to discover Plato for themselves in their own terms
- In philosophy we determine if its true or false by if it makes sense to us
- New branches of philosophy were created that took place of physics, chemistry, biology, social science.
The ealuate tehiues sietists dot use
- Points where science and philosophy overlap and have connections
- Scientists and philosophers investigate different points
- The kinds of philosophy that exists still have questions that cannot be answered
- h is thee athig athe tha othig
- This world exists because it is the best possible world. Least waste, greatest efficiency. Fewest
materials make variety of things
- The Meaning of Life:
Appetite
Spiritedness
Rationality
happy
Ambition
Happy
Fulfillment
Successful
Fulfillment
Long life
Happy
Personal growth
Reproduction
Fulfillment
Love
Love
Love
Enlightenment
Afterlife reward
Change the world
Change the world
Get stuff
Money
Change the world
pleasure
- 3 part solo
- Plato says we have 3 different impulses: Appetite, Spiritedness, Rationality
- Some answers are in more than one section but can be interpreted differently
- Appetite: seeking pleasure
- Spiritedness: competitive with other people/success
- Rationality: wanting/feeling good about others/goodness
- What is the meaning of life? According to Plato: Appetite, Spiritedness, or Rationality
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September 21
Appetite > Spiritedness > Rationality
-egotism -looking to -do hats good
triumph over b/c its good in
others general
Epicurus Nietzsche Plato
-Freud -Adler -Jus
-Pleaser -Will to power -Spiritual
- Plato wrote in dramatic conversation; part of his technique to evolve the way we look at things
- Gives us a simple model to being with, then he deconstructs model to better understand
- Subtly changes the model
- Eros kind of appetite
o desie, pleasue seekig
- different kinds of spiritedness (136-137)
- A.S.R can be 3 kinds of A, or S, or R, depending on what Plato is saying
- All reasoning (rationality) (pg.139)
- A.S.R is a simplification
- Colour spectrum (a continuum) is a good example
o Red, yellow, blue different colours but red shades into yellow, you have red-orange, orange,
yellow-orange, etc.
- Spiritedness grows out of Appetite, Rationality grows out of Spiritedness
- Rationality: mind
- Appetite: body
- Distinguish between intellect & will. Is about the same as distinguishing difference between appetite
and rationality
- Appetite: (desire) we are drawn to something outside us. Something attracting you
- Will: something inside of us pushing us to do something
- The ability for the self to be overpowered
- How do we decide which 3 (A.S.R) impulses should we pursue?
o Whatever you believe is the right life for you
o Realism, dogmatism
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