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Midterm

Midterm Textbook Notes SOAN.docx

11 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1150
Professor
Carol L Dauda

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TextbookPage64errorsofpersonalexperienceOvergeneralizationwhenyouassumethatyourbeliefsapplytoothersituationsinlifeHaloeffectwhenwetakewhatwethinkishighlypositiveandletitruboffinotherareasoflifeSelectiveobservationonlyseekoutevidencethatyoucareaboutbiasPrematureclosureendingastudytooearly910StepsinresearchprocessSelectatopicNarrowdownatopicDesignstudyCollectdataAnalyzedataInterpretdataInformpeople1115BasicResearchlargescalefindoutwhypeopledocertainthingsAppliedResearchsmallscaleaddressaspecificconcernoroffersolutionsshorttermTypesofappliedresearchEvaluationresearchstudyseesifaprogramisworkingeffectiveActionresearchstudyusingknowledgetoengageinpoliticalactionSocialimpactassessmentestimatingtheconsequencesofcertainthingsthatcouldpotentiallyoccurinthefuture3purposesofresearchtoexploredescribeandexplainexploratoryfamiliarwithbasicfactssettingsandconcernscreatementalpictureofconditionsformulatequestionsforthefuturegenerateideasetcdescriptiveprovideadetailedandaccuratepicturelocatenewdatareportonthebackgroundofsituationetcExplanatorytestatheoryspredictionsorprincipleelaborateatheorysexplanationetc1721TimedimensioninresearchDifferentresearchoccursdifferentlywithtimeCrosssectionalresearchexaminingasinglepointintimesimplecheapCantcapturesocialprocessesorchangeovertimeLongitudinalresearchexaminefeaturesofpeopleorotherunitsatmorethanonetimecomplexcostly3typesoflongitudinalresearchopanelexaminethesame2ormorepeople2ormoretimesocohortobservepeoplewhoshareanexperience2ormoretimesotimeseriesstudygathersameinfoonpeopleovertimeCasestudiesobserveasetofpeopleintenselyovertimeusedinbothcrosssectionalandlongitudinalresearchDatacollectiontechniquesQuantitativeexperimentssurveyscontentanalysisexamineinfoorcontentinwrittenorsymbolicmaterialexistingstatsreorganizingoldstatsreliablelessthoroughQualitativefieldresearchgainingaroleinasocialsettingandobservingdetailovertimehistoricalcomparativeresearchexaminelifeindifferentculturesstartwithaloosequestionthenrefineitlaterlessreliablemorethrough2934Categorizingatheory1thedirectionofitsreasoning2thelevelofsocialrealitythatitexplains3theformsofexplanationitemploys4theoverallframeworkofassumptionsandconceptsinwhichitisembeddedDirectionoftheorizingDeductivestartwithabstractlogicalrelationshipsamongconceptsandthenmovetowardconcreteempiricalevidenceInductivebeingwithdetailedobservationsandthenmovetowardmoreabstractgeneralizationsandideasRangeoftheorysocialtheoriesoperatewithvaryingrangesEmpiricalgeneralizationasimplestatementaboutapatternorgeneralizationamong2ormoreconcreteconceptsthatareveryclosetoempiricalrealityleastabstractandnarrowrangeMiddlerangetheoryfocusesonspecifictopicsandincludesmultipleempiricalgeneralizationsandbuildsatheoreticalexplanationmoreabstractthenempiricalgeneralizationsTheoreticalframeworkmoreabstractthanamiddlerangetheorybigideasetcfewresearchersmakeprecisedistinctionsamongtherangesoftheorizing
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