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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 1400
Professor
Nanita Mohan
Semester
Fall

Description
POLS1400FINALEXAMNOTESCH1TheStudyofPoliticsWhenweexpressouropinionthatgovernmentshouldtakeactionweturnaneedtodemandDemandisaninputofthegovernmentsystemDemandisanexpressionofopinionthatsomegovernmentactionbetakenShouldpeoplesolvetheirownproblemsorshouldtheydependongovernmentGovernmentinterventioncostsmoneywhichdependsontaxPeopledisagreewhichpartofthemthestateshouldorhowtoregulateThemorewerelyonthegovernmentthemorewehavetopayCoercionthegovernmenthasthepowertoimposeitswillonusbypenaltiesWeobeybecausewearescaredofpenaltieswealsoknowitsnecessaryforthegeneralgoodBranchesofgovernmentoNeworamendedlawlegislatureoCorporatewantsbigloanexecutiveoGovernmentservicesbureaucracyoIfdemandcanonlybesettledbyjudicialinterpretationjudiciarycourtsoTheycanworktogethersuchaspassinganewlawAuthoritiesaremorelikelytorespondtoagroupinsteadofanindividualHowtohaveconcernsheardoPeoplejoinpoliticalpartiesoIfonepoliticalpartymakesthegovernmenttheconcernmaybetakenintoactionoMassmediaofcommunicationmediagivesattentiontoindividualandgroupconcernsonaregularbasisAlldemandsexpressedareheardbyauthoritiesbutfewhaveimpactPoliticsoriginateinconflictstruggleforpowerandmanagementofconflictGovernmentsseekoutviewsofpublicbecauseoAdvancesintechnologyoAfteradecadeofdownsizinggovernmenttheauthoritieswereleftwithfewerpolicyanalysisresourcespftheirownSupportisapositiveorientationtowardsomethingThreedifferentpartsofthesystemisobjectsofsupportsoSupportthegovernmentofthedayoSupportthewholedecisionmakingapparatusoSupportthepoliticalcommunitycalledCanadaCleavagesdeepandpersistentdivisioninsocietythathassignificantimplicationsforthepoliticalsystemThosewhohavepowerhavemadeusnotthinkoutofthebox5approachesthatpoliticalscientistshavefoundusefulinaspectsoftheCanadianpoliticalsystemoThepluralistClosesttothedemocraticidealThosewhoshareademandisfreetojointogetherGroupactionsaremorecommonandmoreeffectiveNotmonopolizedbyanystateorcorporateIndividualsarefreetoemployavarietyofresourcesattheirdisposalTheauthoritiesmakedecisionsbasedontheirdemandsDifferentpolicyareasarecharacterizedbydifferentindividualGroupdemandsdependsondifferentauthoritiesAdvocacygroupactivityisreplacingindividualandpartyactivityAppropriateforCanadaThebrokersystemusedbypoliticalpartiesastheydesigntheirelectionplatformsisoneEffortsofthosewhoseektostrengthentheprovincesandterritoriesintheoperationofCanadianfederalismWhynotappropriateforCanadaApluralistsocietydoesnotmeanthatpluralismistheoperatingprincipleofthatsocietyitrequiresanelectionofequalityofdifferentinterestinsocietyOnlyahandfulofpeoplespeakforthedooroPublicchoiceAssumptionthatCanadaisademocracyAbargainingprocesswherepoliticiansandvotersactinaselfinterestedutilitymaximizingfashionandpoliticiansmakepromisesinreturnforvotesPoliticiansandpartiesgenerallyadoptpoliciesthatwillgetthemselveselectedPoliticiansmaximizepublicityandminimizetheirfailurestakecreditforgoodthingsandblameotherforthebadandmanipulatethetimingofpositiveandnegativedecisionsGovernmentsrarelydowhatisinthelongterminterestothecountryifitconflictswithshorttermelectoraladvantageoClassanalysisEmphasizessocioeconomicclassesWritingsofKarlMarxThecorporatepartycontrolstheprivatesectoroftheeconomybutalsoshapeofpublicpoliciesandaredesignedfortheaccumulationofwealthDependenceofthestateonthecapitalistsystemfortheprovisionofjobsandeconomicgrowthoStatecenteredLargelyautonomousfromsocietalforcesAuthoritiesdecidewhatisgoodforsocietyanddesignpoliciesPoliticiansrelyheavilyonthebureaucracyforadviceoGlobalizationapproachesGovernmentmustrespondtodemandsGovernmentisconstrainedfromactingasitotherwisewouldbytherulesofinternationalorganizationsithasjoinedorinternationalagreementsithassignedBranchesinvolvedwithexternalrelationshavebecomemoreactiveandsignificantActorsinthepoliticalsystematthecitizenlevelincreasinglyinteractwithcounterpartsinotherstatestoprotectandpromotetheircommoninterestsPoliticalideasandideologiesaremoreglobalizedPOLS1400Chapter3RegionalismAlbertawasenragedatthe1980NationalEnergyProgramandwesternalienationwhichaffectedthewholewesternregionofCanadaAtlanticgroundfishindustrycollapsedinthe1990sandthesoftwoodlumberdisputewiththeUSalmostcrippledtheforestryindustryespeciallyinBritishColumbiaNewfoundlandLabradorNovaScotiaandSaskatchewanfoughttoremovepetroleumrevenuesfromthecalculationofequalizationpaymentsOntarioarguedthatitsresidentspaid23billionmoreinfederaltaxeseveryyearthantheygotbackfromOttawaandawidespreadsentimentexistsinotherregionsthatthefederalgovernmentfavoursQuebecbecauseofthethreatofseparationTHEORETICALCONSIDERATIONSonewayoftreatingregionalisminCanadawouldbetoequateregionswithprovincesandterritoriesindiscussingthequestionofregionalismthe1979TaskForceonCanadaUnityhadthistosayoRegionalcommunititesrequireaninstitutionalframeworkiftheyaretobecomeviableunitswhichcanexpressthemselvesandorganizetheircollectivelifeinaneffectivemanneroForthatreasonitseemstousthattheprovincesandthenortherterritotiesarethebasicbuildingblocksofCanadiansocietyandthelogicalunitsonwhichtofocusadiscussionofCanadaianregionalismeventhoughtheymaynotbethemostnaturalregionsfromaneconomicpointofviewTodefineregionalismintermsofsuchformalpoliticalinstitutionalboundarieswouldlinkitverycloselytothequestionoffederalismcreationofprovincesandterritorieshavetwoprimaryeffectsregardingregionaldemandsooifregionwasidentifiedasapoliticalunittheunitcouldbecomeapersuasivetransmitterforregionaldemandstoOttawaohardertoignorewhenitcomesfromaprovincialorterritorialpremieroontheotherhandprovincesandterritoriesareabletofacilitatethedecisionmakingprocessbyhandlinglocalproblemsthatarenotcontroversialattheprovincialterritoriallevelbytthatwouldcausegreatdifficultyinOttawaDefiningregionalismthroughanenvironmentalorgeographicapproachoRegionswouldbedefinedbytheirsimilaritiesofphysicalfeaturesandseparatedfromotherregionsbyprominenttopographicalbarriersoSuchaphysicalapproachrequiresadiscussionabouteconomicdifferencesoOftenimpliesthatacommonenvironmentleadstocommonpoliticalsocialandculturalcharacteristicsAfourthapproachofdefiningregionalismcomesfromthedependencytheory
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