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Final

POLS 2150 Final: POLS 2150 Exam Question 2

2 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2150
Professor
Carol Dauda

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POLS 2150 Exam Question 2 2. What are the two models that guide policy of the domestic welfare state and how do men’s and women’s relationship to the state differ? How is this difference manifested in the state policy? • The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and promotion of the social and economic well-being of its citizens. Residual model Based on the idea that governments should play only a limited role in the distribution of social welfare. The assumption is that the majority of the population will be able to locate their own sources of assistance, whether through the market mechanism of work, or from family and perhaps church or charity. The state should only step in when the normal sources of support fail and the individual is unable to help themselves. Residual welfare is essentially seen as being in place purely for the poorer in society, providing a safety net for those otherwise unable to cope financially. Familial model •“the idealization of what we think a family should embody: a conflict-free domain where emotional and physical needs are tended to.” Within this haven, family care is seen as natural, positive, and therefore intrinsically superior to most kinds of care offered by other sources in the public or private sectors. The belief that families (i.e., women) are the fitting venue for the care of young children, elderly relatives, and other dependent members is widespread in social policies across Canada. Underlying this family ethic is the assumption that women will be available and responsive to others; this includes volunteering for work outside the home and being undemanding for themselves Mens Vs. Women’s relationship to the state Women, for example, experience a different welfare state and social world than do men. These life experiences include having the greatest responsibility for the family, child care, and eld
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