POLS 2150 Exam Question 2
2. What are the two models that guide policy of the domestic welfare state and how do men’s and
women’s relationship to the state differ? How is this difference manifested in the state policy?
• The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state plays a key role in the protection and
promotion of the social and economic well-being of its citizens.
Based on the idea that governments should play only a limited role in the distribution of social welfare.
The assumption is that the majority of the population will be able to locate their own sources of
assistance, whether through the market mechanism of work, or from family and perhaps church or
charity. The state should only step in when the normal sources of support fail and the individual is
unable to help themselves.
Residual welfare is essentially seen as being in place purely for the poorer in society, providing a safety
net for those otherwise unable to cope financially.
•“the idealization of what we think a family should embody: a conflict-free domain where emotional
and physical needs are tended to.” Within this haven, family care is seen as natural, positive, and
therefore intrinsically superior to most kinds of care offered by other sources in the public or private
sectors. The belief that families (i.e., women) are the fitting venue for the care of young children, elderly
relatives, and other dependent members is widespread in social policies across Canada. Underlying this
family ethic is the assumption that women will be available and responsive to others; this includes
volunteering for work outside the home and being undemanding for themselves
Mens Vs. Women’s relationship to the state
Women, for example, experience a different welfare state and social world than do men. These life
experiences include having the greatest responsibility for the family, child care, and eld