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POLS 2250 Entire Course Notes Mau.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 2250
Professor
Troy Riddell
Semester
Winter

Description
2250WednesdayJan8Whatispublicadministration1afieldofpracticeoccupationor2afieldofstudydisciplineDisciplinePublicBureaucracySystemofauthoritypeopleofficesandmethodsthatgovernmentusestoachieveitsobjectivesWoodrowWilson1887FirsttoarticulateneedforascienceofadministrationAdministrativestufyrequiredfor2reasons1Discoverwhatgovernmentscanproperlydo2DeterminehowtheycandotheseproperthingswiththeutmostefficiencyandleastpossiblecostwhatthestateshoulddohowinvolvedtheyshouldbeIswhattheyaredoingcosteffectivemadeargumentthatpoliticalthinkerswerefocusingonpropersovereigntyratherthanadministrativematersFeltthatweshoulddetermineroleofthestateandhowmuchitisinvolvedsincegovernmentswereveryuninvolvedatthispointFeltthatgovernmentbusinesscouldbemademorebusinesslikeLeonardWhitepublicadministrationappliedtoalllevelsofgovernmentbecausetheyusesimilarprocessesPublicvsPrivateAdministrationSimilaritiesPOSDCORBPlanningorganizingstaffingdirectingcoordinatingreportingbudgetingDifferences1Publicgoodsinterestpublicvsprofitbottomlinemotiveinprivatesector2PublicadministrationLessefficientduetoaNoprofitmotivationlessincentivetocutcostsnocompetitionsonosensetobeefficientbProvisionofunprofitableservicesManyservicesprovidedbygovtarenotprofitablesoprivatesectorwouldhavenointerestgovtforcedtocontrolitieAirlinesdidnotseemprofitableatfirstsocontrolledbygovtcPoliticalconsiderationsElectionshavetobeconcernedwithelectionsandactionsthatwillkeeptheminpowerDurationheadsofdepartmentareoftenchangedsowithanewpoliticalheadcomesnewdirectionPrivatesectorheadsofdepartmentoftenhavemuchlongertenuressoamoreuniformpolicyCabinetsolidaritygovernmentshavetoconsultwithmanycabinetmemberswhileprivatesectorcompanyleadersdonothavetoconsultanyoneandhavefreereigntomakedecisionsMinisterialinterferenceNeedforconsistencyinprogramdeliveryhavetoworkforeveryoneinthecountryequallywhileprivatesectorcompaniestargetcertaincustomersNeedtoprotectministerfromembarrassmentministrymembershavetodefendthedecisionstheyhavemadefromattackingopposingmembersReelectionpartiesareinthebusinessofbeingelectedthenwanttokeepgettingreelectedThismeanstheywillonlymakedecisionsandpasslawsthatwillincreasetheirchanceswhileprivatesectorbusinessesarenotconcernedwiththissotheycanmakedecisionswithimplicationsfarinthefutureNeutralitydonotwanttobetoocloselyaffiliatedwithonesinglepoliticalpartyItishardforgovernmentstomakedecisionsthatleadthecountrydownonealleythenelectanew3AccountabilityismorecomplexinthepublicsectorPrivateCEOisaccountableforstockinvestorsGovernmentministershaveloyaltytoPMandthecouncilthathelpsPMelectthemaswellasmanyotherpeopleandbodiesthatinfluenceaministersposition4HumanResourceConstraintsmoredifficulttohireandfireemployeeslessefficiency5MediascrutinyGovernmentsaremoreunderthemicroscopethanprivatesectorcompaniesforscrutinybythemedia6PersuasionanddirectionGovernmentsmustmakedecisionstoawiderangeofpressuresieInterestgroupsthatlookfordifferentincentivesGovernmentmanagershavetobemoreresponsivetodifferentinfluenceswhileprivatesectorcompaniesjustlooktothehigherpowerFridayJan10RoleofGovernment1OwnerandProducerEGLCBOCBCVIARailCanadaPostLCBOgeneratemoneyforgovernmentbutmaybeoutdatedandpreventsunderagepurchasingCrownCorporationsaremoreflexiblethanGovernmentOrganizationstohirepeoplepaypeoplewhattheywant2RegulatorandSupervisorEGCFIACanadianDairyCommissionCRTCCanadianFoodInspectionAgencyBodiesthatarearmslengthfromgovtandareabletoestablishrulesandregulations3IncomeRedistributorEGAtlanticCanadaOpportunitiesAgencyHRSDCTrytodistributeincomeinafairwayamongallpeopleAcompletelyfreemarketwillleadtoinequalityRegulatethroughwelfareprogramsandmaintenanceprogramssuchaspensionsforthosewhoaredisadvantagedsothereisamoreequalplayingfield4ProtectorEGDepartmentofJusticeSolicitorGeneralDepartmentofNationalDefenceCreateasafeandstablesociety5ChampionofOtherObjectivesEGOfficeoftheCommissionerofOfficialLanguagesCanadianHeritageSportMulticulturalismStatusofWomenIntergovernmentalAffairsSizeandGrowthofGovernmentDifficulttoaccuratelydefinethesizeandscopeofthegovernmentRoleoftheTaxSystemhowmuchthegovernmentisspendingvshowmuchispaidintaxesGovernmentLoansQuasiPublicOrganizationsExaminegovernmentexpendituresasofGDPGrowthofPublicSectorEmploymentRiseofNeoLiberalismNeoConservatismandthecontractionofthesizeofthestateMondayJan13ExplanationfortheGrowthoftheGovernment1Warandmilitaryexpenditures2SocialConscienceEntitlementSocietyhasbecomemorewillingtoassistthosewhoareunabletoprovideforthemselvesManyexpendituresoftheCanadiangovernmenthavegonetoprogramstocreateincomeequityMorepeopleatthehigherendoftheirliveswhorequiremorehealthcarethantherearepeoplewhoareworkingandpayingtaxesNeedtobringinimmigrantstosustainpopulation3TechnologicalchangegovernmenthasassumedaprominentroleintrainingcitizensinnewtechnologyisdifferentsectorswithnewtechnologycomesnewneedsieInventionofcarscalledforroadstobebuilt4PopulationgrowthandurbanizationlargeramountsofCanadiansliveinurbancentresandwiththatcomeswithmoreneedforeducationsocialhousingetc5KeynesianTheorybecamediscreditedwithNeoConservatism
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