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Pols3060 Lectures until Midterm.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 3060
Professor
Cindy Clarke
Semester
Winter

Description
thLecture1TuesdayJan72014MapObservationsConflictconcentratedinsmallareasandsmallstatesRegionsuffersfromlackofrainfallwhenitdoesitisconcentratedinashortamountoftimeandveryintenseKurdishpeoplearein3statesIranIraqandJordanmosttribesinsouthofJordanareSaudiArabiantribesReally34majorSudanEgyptSaudiArabiaIranNorthAfricasometimesisincludedintheMiddleEastalwayscheckhowtheythdefinethemiddleeastuntilSeptember11youdidntseeAfghanistanbutafternowitispartoftheMiddleEastTurkeyissometimesincludedNorthAfricaissometimesincludeothertimesitisnotincludedInthiscoursewedonotincludeAfghanistanbutwewillforTurkeyandNorthAfricaMapofMiddleEastissuesofboardersandcitiesTopographicalMapLotsofrainfallthanpeoplerealizemoreagriculturesomedesertWhenyouthinkofMiddleEasttopographicallyyouthinkdesertbutweseelotsofmountainYemenSaudiArabiaIraqturkeyIranpartsofIsraelEgyptetcDesertisjustanindicationofrainfalltheyareDesertMountainsSkiinturkeyIranIsraelLebanonRainfallisnotgreatinmiddleeastbutmaptellsusbestagricultureisinthemountainareasYemenNorthernpartshaveawinterforaboutamonthGroundwaterpartsofregionshaveaccesstogroundwaterOilandGasWhatdowenoticeconcentratedontheoutsideofboardershighlyconcentratedhaveandhavenotsSomecountrieswithoutanynaturalresourcesandotherswithnaturalresourcesLotsofpoliticalscientistsarguethishasabigimpactonpoliticstheoilrichcountriesvsoilpoorcountriesLebanoneverythingmustbeimportedandcannotproducethingsontheirownsoeverythingisexpensiveManyoftheoilrichcountriesgivemoneytotheoilpoorcountrieslotsofformofaidtransfersDiversityoflanguageintheregionalsoreflectspoliticsReligiousGroupsintheRegionMapshowsdiversitywiththesexwithinIslamandismorediversethenthemediademonstratesLeaderoftheSheasudiaArabiaseesitselfastheleaderoftheMuslimworldMapofChristianssmallpocketsmainlyforeignersMediaportrayseveryoneasMuslimandArabforonethingthoughyoucanbeChristianandArabArabdescentbutChristianreligionInterestingthattheoilissoheavilyconcentratedclearlyitishaveorhavenotSurprisingatthereligiondiversityLotsofgainsinArabspringstartingtoerodelotsofpolsscientistslookingattheregionandquestionwhythegreatestauthoritarianregimesareinthisregionmassiveamountsofoilenabledleaderstostayinpowerlongerandthedegreetowhichwecansaytheregionisresistanttodemocratizationMidterminclassshortanswersfillintheblanketcResearchessayFinaleconomicsandpoliticstheroleandextentyouagreewithauthorsthatfeelthepondersofoilandpoliticalrepercussionsofhavingsomuchoilcanexplainresistanceofauthoritarianismandlackofdemocracyMapMajorMountainofwatermajorcitieskeyplacesandmountainregionsetcjustknowallmajorpoliticalcitiesGetfamiliarwiththeregionLecture2ThursdayJanuary92014TheRiseandFalloftheOttomanEmpireThingsintheNewsUprisingagainstSyrianGovernmentbuthasntbeensuccessfulThoselookingforchangesplitintoseveralgroups20differentrebelgroupsnotallwiththesameagendaWeatherandconflictpreventingthemfromlegitimatelygettingchemicalweaponsoutofthecountryfearofmovingthemEgypttheMuslimbrotherhoodpartythatgotelecteddemocraticallyafterArabspringthenremovedbythemilitarybyforceMuslimBrotherhoodtookpoliticalturnandnowformedapoliticalpartyKeysuccesstotheOttomanempirelargeselfsufficientinternaltrademilitarytechnologyFoundationsoftheOttomanEmpireAbsolutemonarchattheheadofacentraladministrationCentraladministrationlargelydirectedatthecollectionoftaxesandmaintenanceofresourcestokeeptheadministrationgoingTaxesintheempirewerebasicallycollectedDiwannameofconsultativecouncilDizierSultaninstitutionalizedkingwithtimeLittleprivatepropertyinthestatepeasantsweregiventheprivilegebythelandelitestoworkonthelandtheaveragepersonwasapeasantworkingonsomeoneelseslandandthepaymentisthetaxesyougivethemfortherightstoworkontheirlandFarmingwasdonethroughtaxfarmingitwasanissuethatcontributestothebreakdownbecauseLotsofindividualswithindividualpowerbasesthebreakdownoftheempirewasntjustbecauseofWW1lotsofinternalrootsAlsomonopolyoverthemarketsmostindustrymanufacturingtheempiregainedresourcesthisway
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