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POLS3470 - Take Home

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University of Guelph
Political Science
POLS 3470
Tim Mau

POLS 3470 Take Home Exam Sydney Kerslake - 0758408 Prof. Timothy Mau December 5, 2013 1. Initially, the statement offers a very progressive tone and opinion; the role of business in the state is a remarkably subjective topic. To many the role of the business is to stabilize the economy and also to progress it, however as we have learned over the course of the term, the government also plays a key role in this theory. According to Taylor, Warrack and Baetz, “there are two ingredients for success (i) a vibrant progressive business community is vital to Canada’s success; an (ii) a positive synergy between business and government is needed for Canada to be all that it can be in the future.” Currently, Canada’s people suffer due to the lack of a strong and consistent partnership between business and government, the two entities struggle to define a set list of goals and policies that is functional for both parties. I agree with the statement for the state to be more pro-market than pro- business for a number of reasons; firstly the state and business need to have the same goal: to provide a functioning economic policy to ensure the prosperity of the country that goes beyond creating wealth for the country’s middle and upper class recipients. A strengthened relationship between these two entities would create the possibility for a strong and unified nation with a functioning fiscal possibility. 1 Wayne D. Taylor, Allan A. Warrack and Mark C. Baetz, Business and Government in Canada: Partners for the Future (Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 1998), 236. “Although business in Canada does not want government on its back, it 2 does need government by its side”. This is not a one sided argument, both business and government are at fault here; business is typically blamed more than anyone else. The corruption within government is not easily spotted due to the closed off behaviour of parliament and the inability to obtain certain documents. Corruption in the business sector however is splashed all over the news sources available, the Internet sources and even in this day social media websites. Business and government have recently begun to function in a similar fashion, we as a nation do not want to fall down the pothole of Americanization in which business and government have a very antagonistic and untrustworthy relationship of each other and where government bends to the demands of major shareholders who control the country’s wealth as opposed to the public who aids in its manufacture. “The prime requisite for success is political will. The will to work with business, to induce business to do what Canada needs it to do, and to do so in an environmentally sustainable manner. Economic issues need to be recoupled 3 with socio-political issues.” The role of the state is to be a partner or a helping hand to business to aid or ensure its success; the continuous political struggles that the two entities face are merely road blockades. The state cannot be controlled by business, however it does need to be flexible to its demands and needs; the public does not see a problem between business and government at the present time however the two organisms recognize a conflict between the 2 Wayne D. Taylor, Allan A. Warrack and Mark C. Baetz, Business and Government in Canada: Partners for the Future (Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 1998), 238. 3 Ibid. two. The issue was raised the chapter that Canada was over governed, having governments at the federal level, 3 territorial governments and 10 provincial and a countless number of municipal governments. At the current time, there are too many barriers for business to cross, countless legislative requisites and policy rules for business to follow to ensure the safety of Canada’s economy but not the success of it. A reformation of Canadian government is called for, as discussed in class as well as by Taylor, Warrack and Baetz, it would be better suited for the public to go back to the pre-WWII era in which the state offered itself as a “nightwatchman”. Other than offering social security as well as national security, the state and business remained two very separate beings operating in two very different industries. On the business side of things, “business must recognize change, plan for it, and be willing and able to cover its costs”, in which with the reformation of government comes the reformation of the business sector. Each 4 sector offers its own contributions to the Canadian public as a whole, however collaborating into a functional family of sorts would be more efficient for both parties involved as well as the public. 4. The public sector and private sector have had one of the most complex relationships to date and as of now are a partnership but an uneasy at best. The 4 Wayne D. Taylor, Allan A. Warrack and Mark C. Baetz, Business and Government in Canada: Partners for the Future (Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 1998), 240. government, or primary sector, is in the transitioning faze from government to governance through the implementation of New Public Management as well as the potential for a nightwatchman state. Governance iterates the shared responsibilities between the public, private and voluntary sectors instead of 3 separate bodies. However, as said by Taylor, Warrack and Baetz, “individual 5 choice needs to be reinstitute as the way of life; the state does not know best.” The state is not an economically based entity, the function of the state is not solely profit nor is it the safety of the people but rather a combination of the two; this presents a problem. It is not the job of the state to ensure economic stability which is why there is the private sector, initially the two bodies were to function separately but in sync in order to provide such a service to the public. The business sector is forced to lobby government in order to have policy affect them in the manor in which they choose, however any member of the public can do so. A functioning relationship would involve countless sit down meetings between the two entities to come to a satisfying conclusion for all 4 key players to its success, the private and public sectors inclusively but as well as the third/voluntary sector and the public itself. Business government relations are a consistent uphill battle for both parties; it is never a win-win situation. In reality, it is a dynamic situation in that neither party is ever sufficiently satisfied; it merely consists of lobbying back and forth to ensure every member is happy. Controlling access over decisions and how they are applied throughout the business sectors, which limits the autonomy 5 Wayne D. Taylor, Allan A. Warrack and Mark C. Baetz, Business and Government in Canada: Partners for the Future (Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 1998), 238. that business representa
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