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Study Guide

[POLS 1400] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 70 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1400
Professor
Nanita Mohan
Study Guide
Final

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UofG
POLS 1400
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Welcome to POLS1400
Introductory Info
Professor – Dr. Nanita Mohan
Email – nmohan@uoguelph.ca
Office Hours: Tuesday and Wednesday, 3-5pm (Mackinnon 517)
TA – Anna Kopec (akopec@uoguelph.ca)
Important Terminology
Politics – “Who gets what, when, and how” -Harold Laswell
What – power, decision making processes, the enforcement of laws, public policy
When – elections (length of time between elections varies, typically based on
whether it’s a majority or minority government; standard length of time is 4
years)
How – by electing Members of Parliament in your riding
Government – Set of institutions that make and enforce collective, public decisions; also the
current group in power
Ideology – Body of ideas used in support of an economic, political or social theory
Democracy is not an ideology; ideologies are liberalism, conservatism, socialism,
fascism, communism, etc.
Public Administration – The way in which governments conduct themselves through
bureaucratic processes; a discipline and a practice
Public policy making
Bureaucracy – A form of organization
Organizations of paid public servants, regulatory agencies, tribunals, etc.
Politicians – Elected officials
Bureaucrats – Appointed officials
The Political Spectrum
Democracy – Rule by the people
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Direct Democracy – A system in which people have a direct say in matters of the state
(plebiscites, referendums, initiatives)
Main difference between plebiscites and referendums is that referendums are
binding while plebiscites are not
Representative Democracy – A system in which people appoint representatives to speak for
them in matters of the state
Members of Parliament are elected in their respective ridings to represent the
people of that location; 1 MP typically represents between 100,000-120,000
people
Deliberative Democracy – Governing decisions made based on discussions by citizens
Used in British Columbia at the municipal level
Very rare method
The Economic Spectrum
Capitalism – Economic system based on private ownership and the free market
Competition, free market trade
In contrast with communism
Mixed Economy – Mixture of private and state control
Canada was aiming for a mixed economy
Crown corporations – state-like corporation that acts like a private company (Via
Rail, Canada Post, LCBO)
Socialism – Means of production and distribution controlled by the government
The kind of socialism we have in Canada does not actually want to eliminate
capitalism, but want to change and improve things within the capitalist world
instead
Communism – All property owned by all in a classless society
The Ideological Spectrum
Left – Members of an organization most favouring change (liberal)
Many say that the Liberal Party of Canada is becoming more central; not truly
left-wing
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