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POLS1400 Midterm: POLS 1400.docx


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1400
Professor
Nanita Mohan
Study Guide
Midterm

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POLS 1400, Midterm Review (TERMS AND DEFINITIONS)
Chapter 1 (1-13) Introductory Terms:
Politics:
-Activity related to influencing, making, and implementing collective decisions.
Power:
-The ability to affect the behavior of others particularly by getting them to act in ways
that they would not otherwise have done.
State:
- An independent self-governing country whose governing institutions are able to make
and enforce rules that are binding on the people living within a particular territory.
Government:
- The set of institutions that have the authority to make executive decisions; present
proposed laws, taxes, and expenditures to the appropriate legislative body; and oversee
the implementation of laws and policies.
Authority:
- The right to exercise power.
Legitimacy:
-The acceptance by the people that those in positions of authority have the right to
govern.
Democracy:
-Rule by the people either directly or through the election of representatives.
Direct Democracy:
-A form of democracy in which citizens are directly involved in making the governing
decisions.
Representative Democracy:
-A form of democracy in which citizens elect representatives to make governing
decisions on their behalf.
Liberal Democracy:
- A political system in which the powers of government are limited by law, the rights of
the people to freely engage in political activity are well stabilized, and fair elections are
held to choose those who make governing decisions.
Constitutional Government:
- A government that consistently acts in keeping with established fundamental rules and
principles.

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Welfare State:
- A state in which government ensures that all people have a minimum standard of living
and receive some protections from hardships resulting from unemployment, sickness,
disability, and old age.
Social Democracy:
- A perspective that government should play an active role in reducing or eliminating
inequalities, provide a wide range of public services, and ensure that businesses act in the
public interest.
Mixed Economy:
-A combination of public and private ownership and control of the economy.
Plebiscitary Democracy:
-The use of referendums, initiatives, and recall procedures as an alternative to what some
view as the elite oriented nature of representative democracy.
Referendum:
-A vote by the people on a particular question asked by the government or legislative
body.
Initiative:
- A proposed new law or changes in an existing law drafted by an individual or group
rather than by a government or legislature. The people put the proposal to a vote after
enough signatures have been collected.
Recall:
-A procedure that allows citizens to recall their representative and require that a new
election be held provided sufficient names are obtained on a petition.
Deliberative Democracy:
-A form of democracy in which governing decisions are made based on discussion by
citizens.
Chapter 2 (24-39) Confederation, history, western alienation:
The Royal Proclamation, 1763:
-Established British rule over the former French colonies and placed “Indians” under the
protection of the British Crown.
The Quebec Act, 1774:
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