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POLS 2080- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 22 pages long!)


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 2080
Professor
Steffi Hamann
Study Guide
Midterm

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U of G
POLS 2080
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 2 September 12th
Textbook questions
o "Third World" and "Third estate" - originated in France
o Which president coined the term "modern development" - Truman
o What prominent contribution to development theory did Nobel price winner
Amartya Sen make? - Capabilities approach
TED Talk 2006 "The Best Stats You've Ever Seen"
o Unit of analysis used what group of entities (people) he was looking at to
analyze data
Countries
Quintiles
o Type of data used to talk about development?
Child mortality
Life expectancy
Fertility rate
GDP
GDP per capita
Income distribution
Defining Development
o What does development mean to you?
Growth
Health
Progress
GDP
Poverty
Low child mortality
o Harry Truman
Spoke about underdeveloped areas characterized by certain
conditions disease, poverty, conditions approaching misery
Compared underdeveloped countries to the USA scientific
advantage, industrial progress
Before the war, people thought of development as a condition
****Exam recognize labels****
Example NIC newly industrialized country
o Move away from agricultural based economy to industrialized
country
o Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong
o Labels
"Third world", "Global South", "NICs"
Labels are complex development is a progress not a condition
Process of qualitative socioeconomic, cultural and political change
multi-dimensional change process
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Measuring development
o Units of development
Countries most common unit used this is a problem
Leaves some countries out
Only a good starting point
World religions
Political systems
Quintiles
Households
Quiz question: What country was the latest addition to the United
Nations?
South Sudan
o GDP
Most popular measure for economists: Gross Domestic Product
Monetary value of final goods and services produced in a country in
a given period
Incorporates consumption, investment, government spending, net
exports (exports-imports)
Shows how much money is being spent and consumed in a year
USA and China have highest GDP large population
o Makes it difficult to compare countries using how much money
was spent and consumed
Use GDP per capita divide by population of each country
Gives how much money is spent or earned per person
Highest GDP per capita is Qatar smaller populations
have a higher GDP per capita
Strengths
Objective measure
Relatively easily assessed
Useful for global comparison
Weaknesses
Measures average wealth of a country only
No information about internal income distribution
Solutions:
Quintiles
o Lowest 20% vs. Richest 20%
GINI Index/coefficient
o Measures the extent to which the distribution of income or
consumption expenditure among individuals or households
within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution
o A Gini index of 0 perfect equality
o A Gini index of 100 perfect inequality
Alternative Measures
o HDI Human Development Index
Compiled annually by the UNDP
Annual human development reports
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