POLS 3470 Study Guide - Ascribed Status, Achieved Status, Role Theory

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Chapter 6 : social interaction in everyday life. Social interaction is defined as the process by which people act and react in relation to others. Chapter 6 presents several important sociological concepts that describe the building blocks of common experience. Status - a social position that a person holds. Status set- all the statuses that a person holds at a given time. eg. a teenage girl is a daughter to her parents, a sister to her brother, a student at school, a goalie on her hockey team. Ascribed status - a social position a person receives at birth or takes on involuntarily later in life. eg. being a daughter, an aboriginal person, a teenager, a widower. Ascribed statuses are matters about which people have little or no choice. Achieved status - a social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects personal ability or effort. eg. being an honor student, an olympic athlete, a spouse, a thief.

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