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Lecture 23 Abnormal Psychology part 3.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 1000
Lisa Giguere

Lecture 23 Abnormal Psychology part 3 Tuesday November 27, 2012 1. How do we go from symptoms to treatment? Client comes with symptoms x to z > axis 5> axis 4 > axis 3>axis 2>axis 1> treatment The overall logic of treatment Symptoms at time #1> theurapeutic actitivies > symptoms at time #2 Observing a change in symptoms between time 1 and 2 is key to demonstrating effectiveness of therapy Current forms of therapy - psychotherapy- interactive experience with a trained professional o goal is understanding and changing behavior, thinking, relationship and emotions - biomedical therapy- use of medications and other procedures acting on body to reduce symptoms of mental disorders o goal s addressing neuro psychological changes associated w psych disorders 2. What are common biomedical therapies? - medication (direct) o most work by altering a pricess associate w neurotransmitters o ex/ block receptors, inhiit reuptake - indirect influences of the biological components o exercise can boost serotonin levels, reduce stress o changing neg thoughts can improve mood and rewire brain o meeting basic needs biomedical therapies - electroconvulsive therapies (ECT) induces mild seizure that disrupts severe depression for some people - repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation - psychosurgery 3. What are common psychotherapeutic approaches? - psychoanalysis, psychodynamic therapy o freud’s legacy - Humanistic, client-centered therapy o Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow - Behaviour therapy, using conditioning
 o B.F. Skinner and Ivan Pavlov applied to people - Cognitive therapy, changing thoughts o Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis, reducing errors and distress Evaluating therapies - major depression > cognitive behavioural therapy - GAD> cognitive behavioural therapy - Phobias> exposure therapy Behaviour therapy - focus is changing behavior, as opposed to cognitions - uses learning principles to modify behaviours, typically to help reduce unwanted responses Counterconditioning - Refers to l
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