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PSYC 1000 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Biopsychosocial Model, Gestalt Psychology, Scientific Literacy


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1000
Professor
Dan Meegan
Study Guide
Midterm

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PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH
psychology - scientific study of behaviour, thought and experience
scientific method - collecting observations, developing theories to explain them and using theories to
make predictions
hypothesis - testable prediction about processes that can be observed and measured
pseudoscience - idea presented as science but doesn't use scientific thinking
theory - explanation for broad range of observations and findings as a whole
biopsychosocial model - way to explain behaviour as a product of biological, psychological and
sociocultural factors
scientific literacy - ability to understand, analyze and apply scientific information
critical thinking - being curious and questioning the beliefs of others with our own
empiricism - philosophy that knowledge comes through experience
determinism - belief that all events are governed by lawful, cause and effect relationships
zeitgeist - general beliefs of a culture at a specific time in history
materialism - belief that humans and other living beings are composed exclusively of physical matter
psychophysics - study of the relationship between the physical world and the mental representation of
that world
clinical psychology - field of psychology concentrating on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological
disorders
psychoanalysis - approach attempting to explain how behaviour and personality are influenced by
unconscious processes
nature and nurture relationships - how heredity (nature and environment (nurture) influence behaviour
and mental processes
structuralism - breaking down conscious experience into basic elements and understanding how they
work together
functionalism - purpose and function of behaviour and conscious experience
behaviourism - approach studying only observable behaviour
humanistic psychology - focuses on the unique aspects of each individual, their freedom and thought
gestalt psychology - approach emphasizing the need to focus on the whole of perception and
experience, not only its parts
objective measurements - measure of something consistent across instruments and observers within a
small margin of error
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