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Study Guide

[PSYC 2310] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (67 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofG
PSYC 2310
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Office&hours:&Tuesdays&4:00-5:00pm&and&by&appointment&
No&office&hours&for&TA's&but&you&can&arrange&to&see&them&by&appt.&
Email:&ssafdar@uoguelph.ca
Midterm&(20%)-on&February&9th;&Chapters&1,3,4,6,8&and&lecture&materials;&50&
percent&is&lecture&&material&and&50&percent&is&textbook&readings&
Final&exam&is&non-cumulative;&material&from&February&9th&and&onwards&
All&the&quizzes,&the&midterm&and&the&final&are&all&multiple&choice&
-
Topics&1:&describe&your&characteristics.&Explain&how&you&came&to&become&the&
person&you&call&yourself.&Identify&any&positive&self-illusions&that&you&might&have&
and&list&some&examples.&This&is&due&January&27th-- read&the&rubric&to&make&sure&
you&understand&what&is&expected&of&you.&You&have&to&post&twice-once&to&write&
your&own&and&another&to&answer&other&people&in&your&discussion&group&to&get&
a&perfect&mark.
-
Look&&into&proper&referencing&styles&for&discussions&when&you&are&citing&people&
or&outside&sources&
Three&discussion&activities&worth&15%
Chapter&1.&
-
we&are&social&creatures&by&nature;&we&seek&to&be&connected&to&others,&being&
connected&emotionally,&physically,&cognitively,&etc.
"Man&(human)&is&by&nature&a&social&animal"&-Aristotle&
1.
Social&thinking&
2.
Social&influence
-
How&the&presence&of&others&influences&our&behaviours?&It&changes&when&we&
are&in&a&crowd,&a&group&of&friends,&family,&or&yourself&
-
Other&people&don’t&need&to&have&real&presence,&we&can&imagine&that&people&
are&watching&you&and&that&alone&is&powerful&enough&to&change&your&behaviour&
3.
Social&relatedness
-
How&we&are&related&to&each&other&
-
i.e.&how&Canadians&behave&with&other&Canadians,&non-Canadians,&etc..&
Social&Psych&is&a&study&of&
!"#$%&'()*+,-./0,1(
Tuesday,& January& 10,&2017
2:30&PM
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-
i.e.&how&Canadians&behave&with&other&Canadians,&non-Canadians,&etc..&
What&is&Social&Psychology?
-
Is&about&the&Affect,&Behaviour,&and&Cognition&(ABCs)&of&an&individual
-
Look&at&all&emotions,&from&love&to&anger,&notion&of&self,&conformity,&etc.
The&scientific&study&of&the&way&in&which&a&person's&thoughts,&feelings,&and&behaviours&
are&influenced&by&real& or&imagined&presences&of&other&people&(Allport,&1985)
-
How&can&we&define&science?&If&you&say&it&is&seeking&truth&through&
experimentation,&you&could&say&a&philosopher&is&a&scientist.&
-
A&field&must&adopt&a&&set&of&values&and&methods&to&be&considered&a&scientific&
field&
-
Three&values&are:&
1.
Accuracy&
-
Could&do&a&survey&and&make&it&anonymous,&distribute&it&to&a&large&number&of&
participants;&gives&you&ample&access&to&people&to&reflect&accuracy
2.
Objectivity
-
We&try&to&be&objective&when&approaching&subject&matter,&keeping&biases&out&of&
the&experiment&to&maintain&the&purity&of&the&results&
3.
Skepticism&
-
Need&to&replicate&our&findings&to&ensure&they&are&objective&and&accurate&
-
Science&is&about&how&we&approach&the&topic&we&choose&to&study&
-
Scientific&method&is&systematic&observation,&etc.&
-
Social&psychology&differs&from&philosophy&because&it&is&empirical&
What&is&Science?&
-
The&scientific&study&of&social&psychology&developed&at&the&end&of&the&19th&
century&
-
Norman&Triplett&was&one&of&the&pioneers&
-
Ex.&Do&cyclists&move&faster&against&the&clock&or&against&each&other?&It&is&against&
each&other&because&the&presence&of&others&facilitate&the&performance&of&others&
-
Ex.&Drummers&perform&better&in&the&presence&of&others&because&of&the&
excitement&the&presence&of&an&audience&brings,&however&if&you&are&nervous&
and&scared,&we&tend&to&perform&better&when&we&are&by&ourselves.&This&was&
found&by&Norman&Triplett&
-
Floyd&Allport&wrote&an&important&book&on&interaction&of&individuals&in&their&
social&contexts&
-
WWII&increased&research&in&social&psychology;&why&can&people&go&through&life&
History&of&Social&Psychology&
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