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PSYC 2310 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Norm (Social), Collectivism, Canada


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2310
Professor
Saba Safdar
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 2310

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Lecture 1
Social Psychology
No human can survive without other human beings.
Social psych is the study of
Social thinking
Social influences
Social relatedness
Scientific study of the way in which a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviours are
influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people
Humanities have a different understanding of other world because they don't use
empirical studies
Psychology = unit is the individual; sociology = unit is a member of a social class
Affect (attitude/attraction), Behaviour, Cognition (ABC approach of human)
Look at the effect of the presence of other on your behaviour whether it is real or
imagined
Science
A set of value and methods to be considered a scientific field
About how we go about to answer questions
Empirical data
Three values
Accuracy
Objectivity (there is no research that is fully objective)
Skepticism
Scientific method is systematic observations, description, and measurement
History of Social Psych
Developed at the end of 19th century
Norman Triplett
One of the pioneers
Do cyclist cycle faster against the clock or against each other?
Takes into account of the presence of the others
Social facilitation
Facilitate a performance when the others present
Only happens when we are very well rehearsed
The presence of others could create anxiety
The answer to social psych question is not always yes or no, but it is “it depends”
Floyd Allport
Wrote an important book on interaction of individuals in their social contexts
WWII increased research in social psych
Major contributions to social psych 1930-1960 (NOT EXPECTED TO KNOW
RESEARCHER NAMES!!!)
Gordon Allport - Prejudice, establishment of the society for the Psychological
Muzafer Sherif - experimental research on social influence
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Kurt Lewin - Action research
Solomon Asch - conformity
Leon Festinger - cognitive dissonance
Stanley Milgram - Obedience
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