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[PSYC 2330] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (12 pages long)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2330
Professor
Francesco Leri
Study Guide
Midterm

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UofG
PSYC 2330
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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PSYC 2330 LECTURE ONE
Basic Elements of Learning
Environment
o The way you feel
o Always a stimulus
Talk, idea, smell, sensation
o Internal/external
Response is always there
Stimuli
Detectable change in internal/external environment
o Neutral: phone, pencil
o Appetite: salad, water
o Aversive: spider, snake
Response
Reaction to stimulus
Must be measurable
Somatic nervous system
Autonomic nervous system
o Sympathetic
o Parasympathetic
Behaviour
Set of responses to an organism, usually in relation to environmental stimuli
o Instinctual: genetically programmed; occur when circumstances are appropriate &
require no learning
o Learned: behaviours adapted to the environment; flexible & open to modification
Instinct Theories
Psychological
William James: Father of American Psychology
o Influenced by natural selection
o Core of theory was a system of instincts
o Instincts are motivators of behaviour
Biological
Ethology
o Instincts are behaviours; controlled by genes
o Appetitive: behaviours that are flexible, adapted to environment, subject to
modification through learning
o Consummatory: fixed action patterns; ca’t teach aials this
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Sign stimuli
Key because once you have them you get a response
Social releasers
Facial expressions
The way you express emotions with your face is instinctual
o Deaf people use the same facial expressions as seeing people
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