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[PSYC 2650] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 54 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2650
Professor
Dan Meegan
Study Guide
Final

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UofG
PSYC 2650
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Lecture 1: Jan.5
ZAPS class ID: MQ6YUDXD
Lecture 2: Jan.7
What is cognitive psychology?
The scientific study of the human mind
Cognitive science: covers all of the sub-disciplines included within cognition and brings them all
together
Linguistics is among one of the main topics that cognitive psychologists are concerned with
(Psycholinguistics)
Cognitive development: children, the life span, and how we change over the years
Applications
Engineering & industrial design
o Human factors, human-computer interaction
Law
o Reliability of memory (eyewitness testimony, repressed memory)
Business/marketing/economics
o Apply what they know to consumer behaviour to maximize benefits/profits
Lecture 3: Jan.9
History
Armchair philosophy (Casual observations about human cognition)
o Greek philosophers
o British empiricism (Nurture)
o Continental nativism (Nature)
o American pragmatism (late 19th century, early 20th century)
James (Principles of psychology)
Took investigation of mind to next level
Wrote a book called principles of psychology
Modern techniques
The problem
Ho to osee the id usig sietifi ethodolog
o Need to be able to control and observe the stimuli that are going into the system
o Can measure response by questioning them/having an objective coding system (to
measure the degree of accuracy of the participant)
o Hard part is making inferences about what happened in between the stimuli and the
response
Solutions to problem
Four main movements that have occurred
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o Introspection
General information
Wundt, 1879, Leipzig
look iside ad see hat is goig o
Highly-trained observers (participants) report content of consciousness
under controlled conditions
Introspective observations?
Feeling of recognition
Problems with introspection
Contents of consciousness are difficult to describe
Individual differences in concreteness of contents (imageless thought)
o Concreteness: see more or less exactly what was shown in their
mind (ex: photographic mind)
o Imageless thought: more verbal appearance of what they see
Printer analogy (some are faster than others)
o Differences between what people think
o Largely ignored
o When presented they become a problem
Difficult to verify (private events, not public)
o Elusive
o We do’t hae a auate ie of ho e ae, so it a e
difficult to study/verify because who do the researchers ask?
You or someone that knows you well?
End product of a bunch of processes, not the process
o A lot of what happens in our mind is not possible to study
Only the conscious processes are accessible
o What about unconscious processes?
o Behaviorism
Behaviorist reaction
If ou a’t see it, do’t othe talkig aout it
o Did’t at to talk aout thigs that ould’t e oseed ad
seen
Ignore anything that cannot be controlled (stimuli) or directly observed
(response)
o A need for control (anything else was not important unless it
could be controlled)
The pole: ho to osee the id usig sietifi ethodolog
You cant
o The (temporary) end of cognition as a subject of scientific
inquiry
o Could’t otol hat happeed i the lak o
Empiricism
When we are born, our mind is a blank slate and develops through
experience (learning)
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