PSYC 2740 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Myers–Briggs Type Indicator, Barnum Effect, Personnel Selection

37 views22 pages
Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2740
Professor
PSYC 2740- Personality
Dr. Stephen Lewis
Defining Personality
Personality is
…the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that is organized and relatively
enduring and that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment (including
the intrapsychic, physical, and social environment).
- Psychological traits- characteristics that describe how people are different/ alike, there
thousands of traits, what is the origin of traits (genetic/ life), how are traits related, do traits
predict behaviour? Traits are on a dimension, traits cannot cause us to act in a certain way, but
who we interact with or life events is when personality can explain why people do the things
they do
- Traits: are some more desirable that others?
- Mechanisms: the process of personality.
people who experience the exact same thing can react differently
- Within the individual: personality come from within us, not driven by environment or
interactions
- Organized and enduring: traits are organized in different ways for different people; people tend
to act relatively the same throughout life. There is stability in personality. Traits refer to an
average tendency.
State vs. Trait: state is how someone is at that time. Trait is the average state.
- Influences: traits influence many things: what you think, how you think, how you perceive
situations. How you treat yourself and others.
- Interactions: interactions with other people, what situations you out yourself into.
- Adaptations to: personality determines how to you adapt to new situations; also susceptibility
to illness (mental or physical)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Environment: wishes, dreams. Sometimes conflict. Physical obstacles and barriers in
environment.
3 Levels of Analyzing Personality
- Human nature level: universal traits most humans to some degree have a want to belong or
be loved
- Individual and group: how are groups alike and different
- Individual: how you are like no one
Individual Uniqueness Level: 2 Approaches
- Nomothetic: looks at groups, not much deep information
- Idiographic: case study, helps with in depth research
The Fissure in the Field
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- Most research we do occurs at the individual and group and the individual levels
- We can use different approaches: biological lens,
Six Domains of Knowledge
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 22 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

The set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment (including the intrapsychic, physical, and social environment). Traits are on a dimension, traits cannot cause us to act in a certain way, but who we interact with or life events is when personality can explain why people do the things they do. Mechanisms: the process of personality. people who experience the exact same thing can react differently. Within the individual: personality come from within us, not driven by environment or interactions. Organized and enduring: traits are organized in different ways for different people; people tend to act relatively the same throughout life. Trait: state is how someone is at that time. Influences: traits influence many things: what you think, how you think, how you perceive situations. Interactions: interactions with other people, what situations you out yourself into.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.