Study Guides (274,238)
CA (149,880)
U of G (8,401)
PSYC (1,025)
PSYC 2740 (45)
Study Guide

PSYC 2740- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 32 pages long!)

by OneClass896521 , Winter 2016
32 Pages
73 Views
Winter 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2740
Professor
Connie Zavitz
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. Sign up to view the full 32 pages of the document.
U of G
PSYC 2740
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Personality January 12th
Defining Personality
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the
individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her
interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic,
physical, and social environment)
Attributes about individuals, characteristics to describe people
What makes people different from other people
Average tendencies everyone at some point will experience stress, but some
people are more stress prone
They are not categories we can look at these on a continual; we have low
degrees to high degrees of a given trait (e.g., some people are very athletic some
people aren’t)
Defining Personality
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the
individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her
interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic,
physical, and social environment)
Will interact in different ways to how we think about things how we perceive
things, and as a result of the environment
The process of personality
Mechanisms (i.e., the process of personality)
Inputs: having certain levels of a certain trait
Decision making: on the basis of certain environments individuals may be
exposed to (someone being at a party on a Saturday night)
o Someone who is outgoing may have fun
o While someone who is socially anxious may be overwhelmed
Output: the person who is outgoing may stay at the party, and make friends.
o The socially anxious may stay in a corner or leave early
If I have certain level of a trait, then what may happen next if they’re in a certain
context?
Defining Personality
Inputs Decision Making Outputs
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the
individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her
interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic,
physical, and social environment)
External factors (situations, environments, alcohol/drugs) may affect how people
behave
Must happen from within in order for it to constitute with personality
Defining Personality
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual
that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her
interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic,
physical, and social environment)
Not made up of one trait
Multiple traits of varying degrees
Just because we have different traits, does mean they are all expressed
Some people who are starting university who are outgoing, but also who is
studious and motivated to do well
o Individual may have their trait of outgoing being more emphasized earlier
on in the semester with a weaker workload
o Exam season begins, still outgoing, but need to well in school is going to
take precedence
Other factors may influence which traits are being expressed at one time
Defining Personality
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual
that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her
interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic,
physical, and social environment)
Look at individual across time, we should see some sibilance of continuity
Doesn’t have to be the same degree across lifetime; but should be relatively
enduring
…Relatively Enduring…
Traits are relatively stable over time
An Example: State vs. Trait Anxiety
State Anxiety: unpleasant emotional arousal in face of threats/dangers
Trait Anxiety: tendency to respond with state anxiety in the anticipation of
threats/dangers
State
Trait
VS
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
[PSYC 2740] Comprehensive winter guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Personality – January 12 th Defining Personality • Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic, physical, and social environment) • Attributes about individuals, characteristics to describe people • What makes people different from other people • Average tendencies  everyone at some point will experience stress, but some people are more stress prone • They are not categories  we can look at these on a continual; we have low degrees to high degrees of a given trait (e.g., some people are very athletic some people aren’t) Defining Personality • Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that is organized and relatively enduring and that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptions to, the environment (including the intrapsychic, physical, and social environment) • Will interact in different ways to how we think about things how we perceive things, and as a result of the environment • The process of personality Mechanisms (i.e., the process of personality) Inputs Decision Making Outputs • Inputs: having certain levels of a certain trait • Decision making: on the basis of certain environments individuals may be exposed to (someone being at a party on a Saturday night) o Someone who is outgoing may have fun o While someone who is socially anxious may be overwhelmed • Output: the person who is outgoing may stay at the party, and make friends. o The socially anxious may stay in a corner or leave early • If I have certain level of a trait, then what may happen next if they’re in a certain context? Defining Personality find more resources at oneclass.com
More Less
Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document
Subscribers Only

You've reached the limit of 4 previews this month

Create an account for unlimited previews.

Already have an account?

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit