PSYC 2740- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 88 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018
Department
Course
Professor
U of G
PSYC 2740
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Not$how$someone$is$all$the$time$
§
Average$tendency$
§
Not$categories$(can't$say$someone$is$introverted)$but$rather$it’s$a$
continuum$of$low$to$high$degrees$of$a$given$trait$
§
Traits$usually$fall$on$a$normal$curve$
§
If$there$is$massive$fluctuations$we$may$not$be$talking$about$a$
trait$
Moderate$relative$stability$over$time
§
Trait$taxonomies$organize$meaningful$traits$
§
Biologically$transmitted?
§
Attachment$to$caregiver
Developed$based$on$how$were$raised
§
Certain$outcomes
High$Impulsivity;$higher$risk$for$drug$problems$bc$of$
personality$$
What$do$they$influence
§
Traits:$meaningful$ways$we$describe$(qualities,$attributes,$characteristics)$
used$to$differentiate$people$or$describe$their$similarities
How$might$personality$traits$interact$with$environment$or$context$
to$develop$outcomes$like$reactions$
§
3$components$
§
Inputs;$circumstances$
§
Decision$making;$often$by$product$of$trait$itself$
§
Output;$what$happens$bc$of$that$
§
Mechanism:$ie.$the$process$of$personality
Personality$is$the$set$of$psychological$traits$and$mechanisms$within$the$
individual$that$is$organized$and$relatively$ enduring$and$that$influences$his$or$her$
interactions$with,$and$adaptations$to,$the$environment$(including$the$
intrapsychic,$physical,$and$social$environment).$
-
Personality
W1#L1&2
Wednesday,$ January$10,$2018
14:35
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2$people$with$different$personality$traits$can$respond$to$the$exact$
same$events$very$differently$
§
Personality$must$come$from$within$
§
Can$be$influenced$or$caused$by$circumstances$
§
Within$the$individual$
Traits$may$not$always$be$manifested$
§
Talkative$people$may$not$talk$much$in$the$morning,$in$movie$
theatres,$etc.
Traits$may$be$dormant$
§
That$is$organized
Average$
Traits$are$moderate$stability
§
State$is$how$someone$is$at$a$given$moment
§
State$anxiety:$unpleasant$emotional$arousal$in$face$of$
threats/danger
Trait$anxiety:$tendency$to$respond$with$state$anxiety$in$the$
anticipation$of$threats/dangers
Example
§
Relatively$enduring
Behaviour,$reactions$in$different$contexts$(degree)
§
Causes$bc$it$interacts$with$different$factors$(mechanisms)
§
Influences$
Interactions$with$events
§
Choosing$environment$you$want$to$be$in$
§
Provoke$different$reactions$
§
How$we$act$can$be$based$on$our$personality$and$can$evoke$
responses$in$others$which$evoke$responses$in$us
§
Interactions$with$
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