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PSYC 3690
Benjamin Gottlieb

1 Study Notes: Lecture Frameworks -Primary: reducing incidence; prevention/health promotion -Secondary: reducing prevalence; early intervention/acknowledge the problem shorten its duration -Tertiary: harm reduction; accepting the problem and trying to reduce the negative consequences -Universal: treatment for everyone (not based on risk) -Selective: targeting groups known to be at risk -Indicated: targeting people or families that have the disorder or risks (individual basis) Epidemiology -Study of the distribution/location of determinants of health (resilience) and disease (risks) -3 Goals: 1. Identify risk and protective factors 2. Identify mediators of ^ 3. Develop preventions and Interventions -2 Studies: 1. Case Control: compare those who have the disorder to those who don’t retrospectively to identify risk factors 2. Cohort Design: compare those who have hypothesized risk factors to those who don’t progressively to see if those w/ risk factors have higher incidence (more powerful) -Relative Risk Ratio: incidence of risk pop./incidence on non-risk pop. Coping 1. Acute: Stressful Life Events/Transitions 2. Chronic Adversity: Enduring a. Continued Role Occupancy b. Inoccupancy of Desired Role c. Disadvantaged Life Circumstance d. Environmental or Social Trauma (e.g. natural disaster) 3. Micro Stressors/Daily Hassles -Personal and Social Resources buffer stress 1. Primary Appraisal a. Harm/Loss Appraisal b. Threat Appraisal c. Challenge Appraisal 2. Secondary Appraisal -Types of Coping 1. Anticipatory Coping 2. Cognitive Coping a. Upward Social Comparison b. Downward Social Comparison 3. Behavioural Coping 4. App
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