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PSYC 3800
Jen Lasenby- Lessard

The growing but still limited importance of evidence in education policy and practiceAmanda Cooper Ben LevinCarol CampbellGrowing interest in research and evidenceevidencebased decision making EBDM and evidencebased or evidenceinformed policy and practice have become primary concernsThis rise in the role of evidence in policy and practice is the result of a number of factorsothe growth of an increasingly welleducated and wellinformed publicothe explosion in the availability of data of all types fuelled by developments in information technology ITothe growth in size and capabilities of the research communityoan increasing emphasis on productivity and international competitivenessoan increasing emphasis on scrutiny and accountability in the governmentresearch evidence leads to more informed policy higherquality decisions more effective practices and in turn improved outcomescriticisms of the evidencebased decision making EBDM approach oseeking to deny or downplay the realities of politics technocraticocriteria used to judge evidenceoconcern for appropriate balance between largescale evidence and local contextsdiversity and complexitiesoSome people complain that evidence and research are often political strategies that give the illusion of authority objectivity and legitimacy to policy choicesolack of evidence showing that the use of evidence improves outcomescritics themselves are advancing evidence in support of their own positions and are also advocating the use of evidence to inform policy and practice in other areas of importance to themcritics real objectionsto particular ways in which evidence is being defined or usedcommitment to continuous improvement necessitates drawing on existing evidence and developing an inquiry habit of mindGrowing efforts to share and use researchKnowledge Mobilizationthe creation of new institutions support for changes in policyprocesses and the establishment of international networks and partnershipsPeople get their knowledge of research not from reading the original studies but through various mediating processesNational and international initiativesGovernment policy documents in many countries now make explicit mention of the importance of research in formulating policyThe United Kingdomfront runner in the field of knowledge mobilizationchanges in funding and resource allocations that illustrate this governmental priorityThe United States some US how school districts are struggling with the complexity and implications of EBDMA number of US universities also operate knowledge mobilization services of one kind or another in which they make efforts to connect research to policy and practiceKnowledge AllianceUS also has a tradition of third party organizations involved in research and policyAdvocacy organizations establish new ways of sharing research asprimary purposeunlike universities2002the US federal government established the Institute of Education Sciences IES as part of the US Department of Education with the explicit purpose of supporting a more evidencebased approach to educationoControversial because of narrow definition of what would count as evidenceoWhat Works Clearinghouseprovides educators policymakers researchers and the public with access to databases research reports and reviews of effectiveness of interventions including programs products practices and policiesCanadaThe national federal research funding councils have all increased their emphasis on research impactoMore of a challenge in education because it is not as federally involvedthird party organizations have been created in Canada to address the gap between evidence policy and practice in educationoie Canadian Education Association o Canadian Council on Learning CCL informing Canadians about the state of learning in CanadaFostering quality research on learningFacilitating evidencebased decisions about learning through knowledge exchange to ensure that success stories are shared and repeatedBecoming Canadas authoritative resource on learning issuesProvincial government support for evidencebased policy and practice in education has been more limitedoOntario Education Research PanelOERPCOREabout a dozen people from education research policy and practice perspectives to foster collaboration amongst education stakeholders on research issuesadvises parties on education research prioritiesrecommends opportunities for increasing the value and use of researchoannual Ontario Research Symposiumfurther foster networking among researchers policy makers and practitioners on priority topics related to student achievement goalsto improve connections between research policy and practice in educationInternational effortsincreased interest in building international research partnershipsoie Campbell CollaborationWhat helps What harms Based on what evidenceChallenge because of differences across nations as to what constitutes as appropriate evidence
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