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SOAN 2111 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Counter-Reformation, Social Inequality

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2111
Linda Hunter
Study Guide

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- Know a lot about the theorists and people that she talked about in class
- How it links to the films/clips
- Films:
oBeing in the wild – Plato, Descartes, Heidiger (3 small clips)
oBurning times – witchcraft - Astelle
oSerpents kiss – Astelle, Rousseau
oMad Men TV show clips
oBeing in the world
oDangerous beauty – Astelle
oMagic lantern series
- 40 Multiple choice
- 1 of 3 Short answer
- 1 of 2 Essay question
oSome choice
- Read textbooks!!!!!
- Very straightforward
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17 TH
Hobbes (1588 – 1679)
- “Without a strong ruler, human society is big and monstrous”
- Wrote The Leviathan
oNatural man is ‘warlike’
Every man against man
oSocial man is ‘peaceful’
oWe desire power and things we can’t have
oStruggle War Scarcity
oEvery man against man
oMen live in fear
oLife of man is ‘solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short
oSociety possible due to ‘common power to fear’
oMen form social contract and subordinate themselves to a sovereign
authority guaranteeing their protection from force and fraud
oSocial man is peaceful due to social contract
- Scientific Revolution
oAll thoughts and sensations in the mind are produced mechanically by the
senses and the brain
oEarly scientists didn’t think a strong ruler was the solution
Thought science and rational mind would come to the rescue
Used science to practice working out problems
oExperimenting with the natural world – scientific experiments
oMathematical principles applied to social life
Optical physics
Orderly system of mechanics
John Locke (1632 – 1704)
- Locke’s Social Contract
oGovernment should be a matter of mutual consent
oThe poor and women didn’t share in Lockes democratic rights
- Argued that physical reality works according to mechanical principles
- All knowledge comes from observations and experience
- In place of divine rights of kings, proposed government based on reason and
natural rights
- Empiricism  Basis for how all people learn everything they know
oAll knowledge comes from observation and experience
oSenses and the mind work together to turn experience into understanding
oStarted to note mortality statistics – only social data published
- Tabula Rasa: “Your mind was a blank”
oExperience and observation are like the chalk that writes knowledge on
your blank slate
What we know is limited to our experience
oRevised the older Aristotelian idea
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