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SOAN 2112 Study Guide - Iron Cage, Protestant Work Ethic, Class Consciousness


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2112
Professor
Linda Hunter

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KARL MARX
MAX WEBER
EMILE DURKHEIM
2 class model of crisis and
contradiction as revolutionary
crisis
Theory of status groups
middle strata as emergent
multiple outcomes
SOCIETY then people
Capitalist state rule of
bourgeoisie
Class, status and party: class
alliances, rational legal
authority
No class inequality
Class related to means of
production owners vs.
workers (those who don’t add
to production are useless and
not part of a class)
Classified people based on
process of production
Class is MOST IMPORTANT
Class related to power, wealth
and prestige not only 2
classes not only material
important
Classified people based on
placed in process of production
Other factors with class
gender, stauts etc.
Division of labor = increased
form of solidarity than before
there is no class inequality
Gradual move to capitalism
conscious thought
Caused by protestant ethic
people need to work and
reinvest (accumulate and not
spend because of destiny)
Problems are due to rapid
social change, with new rules
there will be harmony
REVOLUTION
Revolution in the sense of
transcending bureaucracy
creating new non-bureaucratic
society
REFORM not REVOLUTION
division will form cohesion
Economic forces influence
thinking and social
organization relations of
production influence thinking
Cultural belief influences
economic organization
thinking influences production
Beliefs influence the way
economy is set up
Iron cage when religious
sanction is gone
Culture is its own system
including psychological and
economic factors
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