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Final

SOAN 2112 Study Guide - Final Guide: Ideal Type, Social Science, Machine Industry


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2112
Professor
Linda Hunter
Study Guide
Final

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Weber
- the point of working isn’t just to get things done
- careful not to waste money
- ideas are moving forces in society
- Not belittling the economic forces, protestant doesn’t cause capitalism
- Interested in the micro approach -> talked one on one with people
- Not all conditions gave rise to capitalism
- Moral values merged with the religious changes in the 1600’s
- ThIII) Mind over money
- He didn’t completely disagree with Marx, he noticed capitalism dehumanized society
- Looked at human condition in negative terms
- Opposed Marx as he didn’t see the substructure leading to a superstructure
- He saw the superstructure can affect the base and substructure
IV) Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism (1905)
- Clarify in which religious forces had formed the part the really does form the developing web of
our culture
- Whether religious forces have taken part of the formation of the economy?
- Capitalism is a modern phenomenon, a system of profit making, he contends the rise of mature
capitalism as affected by the emergence of protestant (Calvinist) ethics
- Started to think in a contemporary German area, that was protestant, they were wealthier than
those areas that were catholic
- Modern capitalism was emerging not just by inner economic necessity, but almost as if it was
pushed by another force -> religious ethics of modernism
- Predestination: your fate is determined
- God know ahead of time
- Nothing anyone can do about it, all we can do is hope and worry
- Protestants don’t know if they’re going to heaven but the deciding factor is their work ethic and
they live in a way that God would approve -> work hard and lead thrifty lives
- the point of working isn’t just to get things done
- careful not to waste money
- ideas are moving forces in society
- Not belittling the economic forces, protestant doesn’t cause capitalism
- Interested in the micro approach -> talked one on one with people
- Not all conditions gave rise to capitalism
- Moral values merged with the religious changes in the 1600’s
- The idea is people are individually connecting with God
- Individual growth and development -> allowed a relationship with God outside of the church
and priests -> beginning of human rights and individual rights (relating to God directly)
- people are becoming more technical and passionless individuals
V) Bureaucracy
- modern reason -> condemns our society for being passionless but argues it’s almost
understandable that there’s a rationality to be this way
- dominant structure of modern forms of early organizations
- people are dealt with as if they are numbers
- these systems were efficient for coordinating multiple different tasks
- form of reasoning: means to an end
- rational calculation
- operating rules without regards to persons -> dehumanization as the corporations have no
consequences
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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