[SOAN 2120] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (29 pages long!)

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SOAN 2120
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1. SOAN 2120 – Lecture #3
What is social science?
Anomie
Institutions
Ideologies
Paradigms
Environment
We research how the environment influences us as individuals
Foundations of social thought
Karl marx, max weber, emile durkeim are considered to be the
founders of the following
Conflict theory, functionalism symbolic interactionism
Key elements of conflict theory
Conflict b/w competing groups, the competing groups are the haves
and the have nots
Class struggle, all of history has been class struggle
Equality of result, in the end everyone should be equal
Key elements of functionalism
Functional, if something exists in society its for a reason, it serves a
purpose
Consensus, there is a consensus amongst everybody as to what is
functional
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Equality of opportunity, equality of result does not make society
functional, and this is why we have equality of opportunity that way at
the beginning everyone is equal and then they sort themselves
Conflict theorists argue
90 percent of university professors in the natural sciences are male
50 percent of the population is female
in the end – gender distribution should be equal
functionalists response
but 90 percent of prison population is male
their opportunities should be the same
Theoretical perspectives ways of viewing the world
- conflict theory versus functionalism at the extremes: naïve
key elements of symbolic interactionism
individual level
interpretative school
meanings behind people’s behavior, they use that to figure out why
people do what they do
perceptions of reality, governs why people behave the way that they
do, everyone interprets this reality differently
liberals may be more balanced
conflict theorists may be more balanced
social researchers use research methods to determine how the environment
influences people (generate and evaluate theories)
Types of theories
- testable theories
- non-testable theories
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