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SOAN 2120- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 19 pages long!)


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2120
Professor
David Walters
Study Guide
Midterm

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U of G
SOAN 2120
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOAN 2120 Week 2 Lecture 2
Tuesday September 12th 2017
Learning objectives:
Why social researchers use research methods.
Know the distinctions between the three major theoretical
perspectives.
How is social theory related to research?
Understand variable (quantitative methods), and be able to distinguish
quantitative from categorical (qualitative) methods.
What is social science?
Abstract terminology
Anomie
Institutions
Ideologies
Paradigms
Environment
How it impacts individuals and groups
Tradig plaes ovie
o Changing the environment of the two lead actors
o Shows us how much the environment manipulates who we
become
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2
Foundations of Social Thought
Max Weber
Karl Mark
Emile Durkheim
The founders of:
Conflict Theory (Marks)
o Society is organized around conflict in competing groups.
o Inequality is bad
o Power is used to exploit those with none
o Class struggle
o The inequality gap becomes so large that it is impossible for
those with no power to gain.
o Equality of result: what is fair. Everyone has the same access
Functionalism (Durkheim)
o If something exists in society, it is because it serves a purpose,
keeping society productive.
o There is a consensus among everyone that inequality is
functional and we need it.
o Equality of opportunity: everyone should have the same
opportunity to excel, letting everyone fall in their place.
Equality of Result vs. Equality of Opportunity From a Functionalist
perspective
Conflict theorists argue:
In the end gender distribution should be equal
Functionalists Response:
Their opportunities should be the same
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