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Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2120
Scott Schau
Study Guide

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SOAN 2120 Introductory Methods Prof. Scott Schau
(notes provided for every lecture, any day missing was a cancelled class)
Sidenote- writing in italics is information the professor said, non-italics writing is what was provided on the lecture slides
laims about causation
-c. Lead eposure causes reduced intelligence
-cAccept? Reject?
àcNeed support
ÑcAuthority, epertise or rant of source
-church of Galileo͛s Day
àcGeocentric Model: 222
-cGalileo Publishes
àcDialogues on the two principal world systems
ÑcSupported heliocentric model
-c1633 trial
àcÿorced to recant and imprisoned (later commuted to house arrest), book was banned
àchurch removed book from inde of the prohibited books
-c1979- Pope John Paul II
àcalled for a re-eamination of the Galileo case
ÑcPublishes secret archives- admitted judges were wrong
-cScepticism about social research goes beyond rare cases of data fraud or common disputes about methodsc
-can we know about our world?c
àcImplies ͞facts͟ eistc
àcPursue these facts by empirical methodsc
-cAuguste omte (222
-cRejects speculation
-cmphasizes positive facts
-cScientific knowledge is only true knowledge

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-cÔest theories
àcÿit the facts observed
-cNote: many critics and is not the only way to look at research (222
1.cÔentative planation (Ôheory)
2.cObserving (periment/ Data ollection)
3.cÔesting Rival Views Against Data (amination of Data)
xc cccc
-cJohn Snow 1813: London doctor, discussed causal mode of infection for cholera
-c1848 published a pamphlet ͞On the Mode of ommunication of holera͟
àcSuggested it was transmitted via food or water
àcOpposition: it was thought to be caused by vapours (bad air) (22
àc 
Ôhe scientific Method requires three attitudes:
1)curiosity: motivating force behind scientific inquiry
2)cSkepticism: not taking things for granted
3)critical Ôhinking: productive and creative
-cLife eperience
-cOther Sources
àcPersonal interests and curiosity
àcasual observation
àcPractical problems or questions
àcVague and fleeting thoughts

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àcReading reports of others observations
Primary Source: first hand observations of info (read John Snow = primary, learn in lecture = secondary), conducted,
secondary reported
-cPrimary Sources: first hand report observations of observations or research results that are written by the
individual(s) who actually conducted the research and made the observations
-cSecondary Sources: description or summary of others work written by someone who didn͛t participate in the
research or observations discussed
-c§ualitative e Social Scientist:c
àcLengthy field studyc
àcIntensive case analysisc
àcIn-depth caseinterviewsc
-c§uantitative Social Scientist
àcIdentify various hypotheses
ÑcÔest hypotheses
Science Is:
-cSet of logical and empirical methods (e. Drawing inferences or deductions from hypotheses
-cSystematic observations, eperimentation, rigorous methodology
-cpistemology: the science of knowing
Pseudoscience Is:
-cSet of ideas based on theories put forth as scientific when they are not
-cBased on authority or sacred tet, myths, legends
-can͛t be tested; illogical reasoning
-cOften supported by selective use of anecdotes and intuition
Ôhe Ôwo Pillars of science are:
Ôhree major aspects of social science are
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