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SOAN 3070- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 35 pages long!)


Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 3070
Professor
Katie Mac Donald
Study Guide
Final

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U of G
SOAN 3070
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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SOAN 3070: Qualitative Research in Action Chapter 2
Asking questions & identifying goals
- Underlying assumptions and the research process
o Quantitative approaches:
Developed for the social sciences by Auguste Comte
Comte used quantitative methods with his theoretical
perspective which he called positivism
Positivism has three principal attributes; adherence to a
realistic perspective, trust in causal knowledge, and
reliance on deductive reasoning
Realist perspective: assumes that reality is there waiting
to be discovered
Attempt to uncover the laws of human behavior
implies predictability
emphasis is on both the prediction and the control
of what people will do
Casual knowledge: believes the world is made up of
causes and effects that are external to everyone,
observable, and measurable
Comes from the natural sciences
relies on statistical significance uses techniques such
as factor analysis in multiple regression to interpret
data
Deductive reasoning: form of reasoning that uses a
process of inference to derive conclusions from general
laws
To use this approach, need to develop a theory,
operationalize the theory, collect data, perform
analysis
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2
o qualitative approaches:
Started to grow in the 1960s
Use qualitative research methods because: sympathetic
understanding and definition of situation
sympathetic understanding:
introduced by Max Weber
thought we should put ourselves and our research
sujets’ shoes
definition of the situation:
introduced by W. I. Thomas
defie a situatio as tue it is tue ad its
oseuees – Thomas
symbolic interactionism:
perspective formulated by Herbert bloomer, based
on the theoretical approaches of George Herbert
Mead
suggest, meaning of an object evolves through
individuals shared understanding, and interactions
with that object
Qualitative researchers design studies to achieve the goal
of understanding interactions and emerging meanings that
grow out of such directions
Attempt to investigate the understanding that we rely on
social meanings to define ourselves as members of certain
groups
ethnomethodology:
attempts to question how we go about every day
life in the absence of visible or formal rules
questioned by Harold Garfinkel
Designed breaching experiment: researcher
intentionally breaks one of the end spoken laws of
interaction
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