SOAN Midterm #1 Walters.docx

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Department
Sociology and Anthropology
Course
SOAN 2120
Professor
Troy Riddell
Semester
Fall

Description
SOANMidterm1TextbookChap1AlternativesanderrorsinpersonalresearchAuthoritycanbeagoodsourcetofindwisdomandusetheirresearchbutwehavetobecarefulnottooverestimatetheexpertiseofotherpeopleAlsosomepeoplemaypretendthattheyhaveauthorityinordertogetyoutodosomethingTraditioncanbereliedonforpastresearchfindingsbutwehavetobecarefulthattimeschangeMediaMythscantrytoconvincepeopletobelieveacertainthingwhichcanbedangerousbecauseitisverybiasedScientificmethodstepsintheresearchprocess1Selecttopic2Focusquestion3Designstudy4Collectdata5Analyzedata6Interpretdata7InformothersResearchtypesBasicresearchfocusonrefutingorsupportingtheoriesthatexplainshowthesocialworldoperatesAppliedResearchdesignedtoaddressaspecificconcernortooffersolutionstoaproblemidentifiedbyanemployeragencysocialmovementororganizationPurposeofastudyExplorationexamininganewareatoformulateprecisequestionsthatcanbeaddressedinthefutureExplanationidentifiesthesourcesofsocialbehaviorsbeliefsconditionsandeventsDescriptionpresentsapictureofthespecificdetailsofasituationsocialsettingorrelationshipsexfeaturesofpeoplewhotendtocommitchildabuseTimedimensioninresearchCrosssectionalresearchexamineasinglepointintimeortakeaonetimesnapshotapproachUsuallysimplemostcommoncheapestmethodofresearchCanbeexplorativeexplanatoryordescriptiveLongitudinalResearchwhenaresearchermakesobservationsacrosstwoormoretimeperiodsPanelstudylongitudinalresearchexaminingonegroupovermanytimeperiodsCohortstudyobservepeoplewhosharedanexperienceovertwoormoretimeperiodsCasestudyobserveasmallamountofpeopleintenselyoveraperiodoftimeChapter2WhatisatheoryasystemofinterconnectedabstractionsorideasthatcondensesandorganizesknowledgeaboutthesocialworldConceptsanideaexpressedasasymbolorinwordsTwopartssymbolwordortermdefinitionConceptclustersconceptsforminterconnectedgroupsClassificationconceptshelptoorganizecomplexandabstractconceptsTheoreticalframeworksandlevelsoftheoryTheoreticalframeworksThetheoreticalframeworkisthestructurethatcanholdorsupportatheoryofaresearchstudyThetheoreticalframeworkintroducesanddescribesthetheorywhichexplainswhytheresearchproblemunderstudyexistsLevelsoftheoryMicroleveldealswithsmallsliceoftimespaceornumbersofpeoplenotveryabstractMesolevellinksmicroandmacroatanintermediatelevelMacrolevelconcernsoperationoflargeraggregatessuchassocialinstitutionsentireculturalsystemsandwholeabstractsocietiesUsesabstractconceptsCausalexplanationsUsedwhentherelationshipiscauseandeffectStructuralandInterpretiveandCriticalExplanationsStructuralExplanationusedwithnetworksequentialandfunctionaltheoriesInstructuralexplanationsaresearcherspecifiesasequenceofphasesoridentifiesaessentialpartsthatformaninterlockedwholeInterpretiveExplanationattempttodiscoverthemeaningofaneventorpracticebyplacingitwithinaspecificsocialcontextPositiveInterpretiveandCriticalapproachesPositivistapproachseesocialscienceasfundamentallythesameasnaturalscienceresearchRealityismadeofobjectivefactsthataremeasurable
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