SOAN 2120 Chapter's 1,2,3,4

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Sociology and Anthropology
SOAN 2120
Scott Schau

Fundamentals of Social Research Chapter 1Human Inquiry and Science We know these things because somebody told us and because we believed them Most of what you know is a matter of belief and agreement Also can learn things through direct observation and personal experience RealityScientific assertion must have both logical and empirical supportEpistemology the science of knowingMethodologythe science of finding out Ordinary Human InquiryGenerally recognize that future circumstances are caused by present onesThe attempt to predict comes from knowledge and understandingHuman inquiry aims at both answering what and why TraditionMay hinder human inquiryif we seek and understanding of something everybody already understands AuthorityNew knowledge appears everydayWe benefit throughout our lives through new discoveries and understandings produced by othersMore likely to believe a doctor over the average joeBiological knowledge changes over time Errors in Inquiry and Some Solutions Tradition and Authorityprovide us with a starting point for our own inquiry but they can lead us to start at the wrong point and push us off in the wrong direction a Inaccurate observations b Overgeneralization c Selective observation d Illogical reasoning
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