Sociology: A review
The foundations of sociology
o Structural functionalism – if structures do anything for society. Durkheim felt
there were real social forces that made people feel it was the right thing.
o Symbolic interactionism – there’s no structure. Just people interacting and sharing
meanings. Ex. If you were on first date, there are no rules, so you start talking,
and feeling out the situation. Therefore worked out situation
o Social conflict – very critical (analytical) accepts there is social structure that is
unfair and takes advantages of others. (classes of people, disadvantages)
(capitalist vs. workers) Karl Marx
o Plus feminism and postmodernism – assumes that women are disadvantaged
compared to men. Women want equality. Way of looking at things that say ‘don’t
go into a place with any pre-conceived notions of what you’re going to find’ –
anti-theory. Blank slate.
o Science- concepts, variables (grades, gender) and measurements
o Scientific sociology – anytime with numbers (ex25%) = structural functional
o Interpretive sociology (symbolic internationalism) try to figure out what
something means through shared understandings and meanings, no social
o Critical sociology (social conflict) – analyzing and finding out if certain group
are disadvantages – if so.. what can we do?
Culture: essential ingredient , can’t have society without culture. Can’t function (words).
Anything man has made with hands or mind. Rockets, bureaucracy(is an idea).
Society: evolution, Marx, Weber, Durkheim. Hunting gather – post-modern. How the 3
guys view society. How we got the sociological perspective. (link the theorist, theory
Socialization: humanity, the process, agents. We start as babies (walk, talk, feed
ourselves..) learning more and more about how to function in society.
Social Interaction: status (position in society), role (what we’re supposed to do/say),
performance (putting on an act, impress people), dramaturgical analysis (job interview)
Groups and Organizations: dyads(2)/triads(3) , groups(people who identify with each
other, interact with each other) , networks(no personal contact with all the people), formal
org’ns(university club(rules and regulations) , bureaucracy(highly structured, specific
2 half of year
Sexuality: sex= biological, gender= social construct(determined by environment we’re
in) sexual revolution/orientation
Deviance: social control (goes on everyw