Study Guides (248,683)
Canada (121,693)
Sociology (583)
SOC 1500 (121)

notes exam.docx

7 Pages

Course Code
SOC 1500
Mavis Morton

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Songs for the Class Behind Enemy Lines ­ "If It BleedsnIt Feeds" INXS ­ "Devil Inside" Gowan ­ "Criminal Mind" George Thorogood ­ "Bad to the Bone" Crosby, Stills, & Nash ­ "American Dream" Dixie Chicks ­ "Goodbye Earl" My Chemical Romance ­ "Teenagers" "O Canada" Linkin Park ­ "Guilty All The Same" Robbie Robertson ­ "Sacrifice" Tracy Chapman's ­"Talkin 'Bout a Revolution" Rihannia – “Disturbia” Consensus Theories 1.)  Classical Theory  • Enlightenment 1600’s to 1700’s Western Europe • Transition from feudalism to capitalism • Development and role of the state • Development of common law and civil law • Cesare Beccaria & Jeremy Bentham • 3 R’s o Rights (individual) o Reason/Rationality o Rule of law • Utilitarian principle ▯ greatest happiness for the greatest good • Free will and rational actors • People choose to commit crime based on a calculation of perceived costs and benefits • Solution? Deterrence (if costs > benefits) = punishment • Punishment can deter crime if it is: o Swift o Certain o Proportional to the crime • Tough on crime (you do the crime, you do the time), zero tolerance policies, just desserts,  determinant sentences • Mandatory Minimum Sentences o Certainty, simple, clear, predictable o If you do X, the minimum punishment you will receive is Y • Critiques o General principles did not always serve justice = rational actors? o Equality before the law masks a world of deep social inequalities. Punishment has  differential impacts 2.)  New Right Criminology  • 1980’s • Refers to a particular political orientation rather than to systematic coherent theory • Conservative perspective • Economic efficiency is priority • Rise in law and order politics • Return to classical theory and biological positivism • War on crime and attack on the disorder of society • 2 themes: o Responsibility for crime squarely on the individual o Reasserting the important of punishment in responding to crime • Critique: o Individual focus – ignores inequalities o Assumes consensus and state power remains solution o Punishment focus o Fear of crime atmosphere o Narrow definition of crime 3.)  Biological Theory  • Human behavior is determined not by free choice but factors beyond the individual’s control – people  who are deviant/criminal are sick! • Deviance lies within the abnormal individual • Criminals are born bad – anatomical, physiological or genetic abnormalities • Cesare Lombroso • Atavism – evolutionary throwback • Stigmata – physical characteristics • Solution to crime – treat using medical, chemical, or surgical procedures or incapacitation via:  permanent incarceration or capital punishment 4.)  Psychological Theory  • Human behavior is determined not by free choice but factors beyond the individual’s control – people  who are deviant/criminal are sic
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.