SOC 2070 Study Guide - Final Guide: Ayaan Hirsi Ali, Phyllis Chesler, Honor Killing

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Published on 24 Dec 2016
School
University of Guelph
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 2070
Sociology exam study notes
Lecture 9: sexual deviance
o Relative to place and time eah geeatio thiks thee oe elighteed aout se
than the previous generation. Premarital sex is now common and not a huge deal
o One double standard has been changed to another youth talk about hooking up
instead of love affairs. There are booty calls now, virginity and chastity are now
stigmatized
o Homosexuality
Legalized in Canada in 1968, in USA in 2003 legalized in all states in 2015.
Some states still had anti-sodomy laws under which oral sex was considered
sodomy even married couples could be jailed for oral sex.
Seen as an illness until 1973; allowed to openly serve in the Canadian military in
1992, USA in 2011
Only churches allowing homosexuality are united church and Episcopalians
Informal discrimination still exists gay men who have had sex with men in the
past 5 years are not allowed to donate blood in Canada (indefinitely in the US)
Tolerance comes from us saying the ee o that a, the had o hoie,
ut so ee laks, aties, et ad e didt sa that aout the. Male
homosexuality is punishable by death under Islamic law
Kinsey claimed 10% of the population had homosexual behaviour but his study
was non-random. In a random study it was found that 2.8% of men and 1.4% of
women called themselves homosexual; more than that had had gay sex.
Women are 3x more likely to change their sexual orientation in a year
eolutioa adatages? Me dot usuall ind if women have
experimented, women mind if men have
o Sex
Social constructionists: sex is a product of socialization (there are a variety of
customs surrounding it)
Essentialists: die, se is a foe that is the sae aoud the old
Sexual customs vary but uncommon customs tend to remain rare or unstable
(celibacy, homosexuality, polygamy). Sexual customs have common elements
(what is attractive usually reflects what appears healthier and wealthier in the
environment)
o Paraphilia and Fetishes
Obsession or compulsion that produces sexual gratification
Paraphilia: type of behaviour
Fetish: material, place, or thing (such as leather or rubber)
Men tend to me more into these than women so women sex workers are the
ones who are paid to perform
Reason varies between constructionists and essentialists: is it cultural or
biological?
Paraphilias: pedophilia, hebephilia (adolescents), exhibitionism, voyeurism,
group sex, furry and plushies, cross-dressing, pregnancy & lactation,
scatological, voraphilia and unbirthing
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o Technology and sex
Birth control frees women (unwanted pregnancies discredit women more than
it does men)
Thees a suge to estoe the he to eoe a igi ide – rape victims
dot hae to o aout thei he ot eakig duig se
Genital mutilation can be counteracted with cosmetic surgery
Sex changes in individuals change how we see gender roles
o Wheeles diesios: ho, hat, he, ad hee defie hat auses a se at to e
deviant
Incest and adultery violates who a person
Asphyxia/scarfing violates how a method
Sodomy/masturbation violates what an object - a body
Exhibitionism violates where a place is violated when you run around naked
Obsession/frigidity violates when at certain times these things may be
considered normal
o Constructionism in sexual deviance
Extreme: society can dispense with categories and traditions like fixed sexual
orientation, fidelity, and jealousy
Mead went to Samoa to gather evidence supporting this view; said Samoans
were promiscuous without jealousy or guilt also said that he spent little time
with the adults!
Sex serves social mores
o Essentialism in sexual deviance
Social mores serve innate sexual drives
Feud said iolog is desti
o Sexual evolutionary psychology
Essentialists say all species need to pass on their genes; thus adultery is
functional and jealousy is instinctive
A man with a lot of sexual partners is perhaps subconsciously valued because
his genes must be in high demand
Women are much more selective about their partners because a child is a much
bigger investment for her (body must carry the child to term)
Woes peeptios of hat is ad ist attatie a hage duig
menstrual cycles
Men are more distressed by physical cheating and women are more distressed
by emotional cheating difference varies between cultures
When propositioned by strangers, women never agree to sex but may agree to a
date. Men are more likely to agree to sex than a date
Alcohol makes men less discriminating and more confident, and women become
more discriminating and more confident
o Sex work
Moralistic perspective: sex workers are immoral sinners
Social workers: sex work is wrong, individuals can be saved from it by outside
intervention
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Marxism: its a pole aused  apitalis
Functionalism: has benefits for society
Radical feminism: all sex work is patriarchal exploitation; sex workers are either
dupes or helpless victims with irrelevant agency
Pro sex feminism: the public must be re-educated concerning sex work
Sexual libertarianism: sex workers are free agents and need to be empowered
Sex workers and victimization
It depends on the case whether or not the sex worker is a victim
Those who support victimization says that postitutio is o hilds
dream job, that poverty and abuse forces women into it
However, sex workers cover a wide band of types and incomes (many or
not poor or controlled by violence. Most low-income women are not
prostitutes
All women lured to Canada under false pretences and all child
prostitutes are victims
Prostitute rights activists fight not to end sex trade, but to allow rights
for sex workers
In 2013 the supreme court gave the federal government 1 year to
develop new legislation, otherwise they were legalizing it all
prostitution has been legal but everything surrounding it is a crime
(soliciting and procuring) although keeping a bawdy house was legalized
in 2012
potetio of ouities ad eploited pesos at may be passed
to legalize soliciting by prostitutes and communications by customers
may be criminalized and lead to up to 5 years in jail. Living off of
prostitution is still illegal
Two prostitution studies
Both studied prostitution in Thailand and made exact opposite
conclusions
Jody miller was a feminist with preconceived views of patriarchal
oppression tried to show how it is oppressive a preconceived
conclusion was brought to it
ETIC approached with an unbiased look to find out how Thai women
are exploited money from sex tourism goes to pimps, used by tourists
and military bases in neo-colonialism. Marjorie Muecke took the EMIC
approach, looks at Thai oes defiitios athe tha those of
outsiders, looked at ethnographic views. Thai women feel traditional
obligation to support family. Buddhist beliefs play a role in facilitating
prostitution women choose prostitution and then boast how they
support their families
Honour killings
o Aqsa Parves was murdered by her family in an honour killing for becoming too
Westernized
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Document Summary

Lecture 9: sexual deviance: relative to place and time ea(cid:272)h ge(cid:374)e(cid:396)atio(cid:374) thi(cid:374)ks the(cid:455)(cid:859)(cid:396)e (cid:373)o(cid:396)e e(cid:374)lighte(cid:374)ed a(cid:271)out se(cid:454) than the previous generation. Premarital sex is now common and not a huge deal: one double standard has been changed to another youth talk about hooking up instead of love affairs. There are booty calls now, virginity and chastity are now stigmatized: homosexuality. Legalized in canada in 1968, in usa in 2003 legalized in all states in 2015. Some states still had anti-sodomy laws under which oral sex was considered sodomy even married couples could be jailed for oral sex. Seen as an illness until 1973; allowed to openly serve in the canadian military in. Only churches allowing homosexuality are united church and episcopalians. Informal discrimination still exists gay men who have had sex with men in the past 5 years are not allowed to donate blood in canada (indefinitely in the us)