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SOC 2070
Linda Hunter

4162013 102500 AMPOSITIVIST THEORIES Functionalist TheoriesDurkheims Anomie TheoryMertons Strain TheoryCloward and Ohlins Differential Opportunity TheoryAgnews General Strain TheoryCohens Status Frustration TheoryLearning Theories Differential Association Theory Neutralization Theory Social Learning TheorySocial Control TheoriesSocial Bonds Theory General Theory of CrimeADLERThe Biological and Psychological PerspectiveThe Structural PerspectiveThe Cultural PerspectiveThe Interactionist Perspectiveth Early 20 centurybiological theories of crime th Mid20 centurysocial theories of criminalnoncriminal devianceSociology of Deviance utilizesGeneral sociological theories conflictSpecifically criminological theories strainInterdisciplinary theories feministObjective interestsStudy the deviant act person or traitPositivist theoriesSubjective interests Study social constructionsocial typingInterpretive and critical theories FUNCTIONALIST THEORIESDurkheims ANOMIE theory o Structural Functionalistsociety is a moral phenomenon o Manifest and latent functions o Certain level of deviance is functionalTests societys boundaries reduces societal tensions increases social solidarity helps determine moral boundaries o Mechanical solidaritypeople bonded together by their similarities o Organic solidaritypeople bonded together by differences that created interdependence o Rapid change creates anomie normlessness o Social disintegration and anomie were more prevalent in modern Mertons STRAIN theory o Structure of society contributes to deviance o Institutionalized goals and legitimate means o Unequal access to those legitimate opportunities o Anomiegoals emphasized more than means o Strainnormative social order creates unequal access to legitimate meanso Culture dictates success goals for all but institutional access limited to certain classes o Social structures exert a definite pressure upon some persons in the society to engage in non conforming rather than conforming conduct o In contemporary North America conflict between the culture and the social and economic structure Our culture dictates success goals for citizens whereas institutional access is limited to middle and upper strata
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