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CHAPTER 10 UNIT 9.docx

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SOC 2070
Norman Dubeski

CHAPTER 10 UNIT 9 Bernard Madoff swindled 4,800 clients out of up to 65 billion dollars  He ran a Ponzi scheme  The perpetrator could not have committed his crimes without occupying a position as an investor  He did not commit his crime by means of/threat of violence Organizational Deviance  A form of deviance that cannot be enacted by just anyone  The individuals position within a given organization setting that facilitates, permits or enables the perpetration of the deviance Police  Have their own interpretation of what constitutes normal force required to subdue a suspect. This interpretation differs from what they learned in the academy, what the law says and what members of the community regard as acceptable Priests  When the criminal abuse of children by priests was reported to authorities in the Catholic Church, it was nearly always covered up; offending priests were simply transferred to another parish and the police were almost never notified Professors  Have a monopoly on the distribution of good grades, they are in a structural position to engage in an illicit, unethical exchange of grades for sex Institutional Climate  Influences the enactment of deviant acts within a given organization setting  Certain actions that are regarded as deviant are actually endorsed, encouraged, and rewarded within the organization. They are endorsed because they are thought to further the organization’s interests. o The perpetrator is the organization o Corporate Crime: illegal behaviour that is enacted of behalf of the corporation  Other actions are discourages, punished and regarded as deviant by the organization. They are believed to be harmful to the organization o Embezzlement, employees stealing from a company. White Collar and Corporate Crime  Corporate Crime is a subset of white collar crime, all corporate crime is white collar crime  White Collar Crime: an illegal action that is committed by the occupant of high occupational status in the course of his or her professional activity  Corporate Crime: a subset of white collar crime. Entails executives and executive officers engaging in illegal actions that are intended to further the interests of that corporation. They act on behalf of the corporation o The victim is the general public, the consumer, the employees or the government o Similar to all instrumental actions o The actor resorts to illegitimate means to achieve legitimate goals Correlative Features of White collar Crime  Corporate crime tends to be made up of complex, sophisticated and relatively technical actions  Corporate crime tends to be intermingled with legitimate behaviour  Victimization tends to be diffuse  The monetary sums involved tend to be quite large o Street criminals have to steal money in the form of a physical object, and hundreds of millions of dollars are rarely found in the same place at the same time. Corporate criminals steal by manipulating symbols o Street crime tends to be a one shot deal, while white collar crime is usually made up of a number of interrelated actions that extend over a period of time  It is rarely prosecuted, and when it is prosecuted, penalties tend to be extremely light  Corporate crime does not fit our stereotype of real crime; it is rarely condemned to the same degree that street crime is, and there is very little public stigma attached to white collar crime  Media tends not to cover corporate crime in as complete or detailed a fashion as is the case with street crime  A result of its lack of correspondence to a crime stereotype and lack of stigma, corporate criminals, even after being convicted, rarely think of themselves as real criminals  The intention to do harm to a victim is absent o The harm usually comes in the form of parties being exposed to risk.  People asses risk in an inaccurate fashion o Actors asses the risk of accountability 2008 Financial Crisis: Deviance?  Late in 2008, the financial world suffered a catastrophic meltdown  Unemployment rose to 10%  There are two main reasons for this: o Over-evaluation of property o Under-regulation of the finance industry  There is no single villain in this occurrence  Its not sure if the actions which caused this are criminal or deviant Police Use of Excessive Force Examples  Rodney King: received a total of 56 blows to his head, neck, back,
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